Palliative Care of Patients - Assignment

Added on - Dec 2020

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INTRODUCTION TOPALLIATIVE CARE
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................11.ORIGIN, HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF PALLIATIVE CARE..................................11.1: Origin and History of palliative care:..............................................................................11.2: Developments of palliative care:.....................................................................................22. PRINCIPLES OF PALLIATIVE CARE:...................................................................................23. DELIVERY OF PALLIATIVE CARE:......................................................................................3CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................4REFERENCES................................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTIONPalliative care is the process of taking care of terminally ill people and their families,especially the care which is provided by the organisations that deals in health care services.Science related to palliative care developed significantly in the present time, mostly theinnovations of new pharmacological participations which have assisted significantly in relievingchronic pains and other symptoms related to distressing.(Ellershaw, and Wilkinson, 2011) Thisproject will discuss about the history of palliative care, its principles and delivery.1.ORIGIN, HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF PALLIATIVE CARE1.1: Origin and History of palliative care:The early palliative care started in the medical care movement and is now broadly usedoutside the traditional care also. These places were firstly used by the travellers in the 4thcentury.The concept of hospice was introduced by Cicely Saunders. After working with the terminally illpeople, she decided to became a doctor in 1957 in order to initiate her own hospice movementfor ill people (Zeppetella, 2012).In United kingdom there were only 1700 number of hospicecentres that consisted of 220 impatient units for the adult people with a total of 3156 beds. Therewere 33 impatient units for the children and a total of 255 beds for them. 263 day care services,104 hospice at home centres, 358 home care services.In 2003-04, palliative care services getsimproved.As per the data broadcast in the year 2007showed that randomized controlled trial of 298ill people discovered that palliative care provided to them and their caretakers at their own houseimproved satisfaction with care which also showed a decrease in the medical service use and itsrelated cost of care.In 2009 a study was conducted, regarding the availability of the centres of palliative care in the120 of cancer hospital of united states showed the following results: these hospital only included23% of the beds that were being dedicated for the patients of palliative care, 37% of them offerimpatient hospice. The palliative care centres, research programs related to palliative care andnecessary rotations for patients of oncology were uncommon (Jacobsen, and et. al. 2011).In initial days of 1950 palliative care was not so active people were dying because ofcancer. People are under pain and their families also serve from bad situation. There was lack of1
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