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Research Paper-Client Cause Of Variation In UAE Construction Projects

   

Added on  2019-09-30

23 Pages6945 Words184 Views
DissertationClient causes of variation in construction projects in United Arab EmiratesStudent Name: Student ID: Course Name: Course ID:Faculty Name: University Name:

1Table of ContentsIntroduction................................................................................................................................2Research Background.............................................................................................................4Research Problem...................................................................................................................5Research Aim.........................................................................................................................7Research Objectives...............................................................................................................8Research Scope......................................................................................................................9Research Questions..............................................................................................................10Summary..............................................................................................................................10Literature Review.....................................................................................................................12References................................................................................................................................19

2IntroductionThe current research paper is on client cause of variation in the construction projects in United Arab Emirates. The understanding of this aspect is important as it is directly associated with the failure or success of particular project. The parties that are generally involved in the construction project are owner, consultants, and contractors. The variations in the construction projects occur due to various reasons and the involvement of these three entities are considered as important (Abdul Rahman et al, 2012). Variations are the deviationsthat occur within the projects from what has been agreed among the stakeholders at the beginning of the project. The deviation from the actual planned project can be of various forms such as removal of certain activity, reduction in the amount defined for the budget, or any changes in what has been written in the contracts (Wang, 2000). Some of the variations can be visible to the stakeholders, while others cannot be seen or assessed. The current paper will assess the variations in the project in the United Arab Emirates using the various research techniques discussed in the research methodology section. The United Arab Emirates is the combination of seven states and is ruled by the Supreme Council of Rulers. The seven states that are under the United Arab Emirates are Abu Dhabi, Um al-Qaywayn, Fujayrah, Sharjah, Ajman, Dubai, and Ra’s al-Khayma. The country has the appreciable amount of oil production and most of the economic aspect depends on the production of oil (Council, 2007). The production of oil and gas in substantial amount from within the UAE ground is bringing good amount of money into the country which is being used as an investment in the various infrastructural developments around the country. In the past decades, the government has invested in various governments run construction projects. The focus has been on improving the economic situation of the entire country by further bringing them together with the help of infrastructural development.

3As briefed earlier, the variations can be signified by various forms of changes in the construction projects. One of them can be changes in the schedule (Alzahrani and Emsley, 2013). Schedule refers to the overall duration that has been assigned for the completion of project. The changes in the schedule can occur due to factors such as lack of resources, or the sudden occurrence of any kind of risks (Aminbakhsh et al, 2013). It might be related to the desire of some of the stakeholder to extend the deadline or stretch the duration without any reason. In some cases, the variations occur when the parties vary on the requirements that have been defined for the project. The requirements or the things that are to be achieved by the end of the project are generally defined in the beginning of the project. However, due to some changes in the mind of stakeholders or occurrence of any kind of situation leads to the change in the requirements which eventually creates variations in the project. The understanding of the client causes of variations in the construction projects in United Arab Emirates will be at the core of this entire research paper. The next sub-section briefly states the research background upon which the entire research study is based. The research background is followed by the research problem that is likely to be resolved through the conduction of this research. The research problem is followed by the research aim which states where the entire research project is heading. The research objectives, after the research aim discusses the aspects that will be touched while moving towards the achievement of the research aim. The research scope will define the premise within which the research will be conducted. The research scope is likely to help understand the limitations of this research paper. The research questions discussed after the research scope will showcase the questions that are to be answered by the end of this research project. This chapter has been summarized in end under Summary section.

4Research BackgroundThe existence of variations among the construction project activities is inevitable, and any effort to eliminate the variations is unlikely to be successful. The variations have impacted almost all the associated individuals or entities with the construction projects. The individualsor entities can be project owner, the individual who has monetary investment in the project; the consultant, these are the individuals or entities who acts as bridge between the owner and contractors; and the contractors, who are the individuals or entities who undertake the construction project activities (Brockmann, 2012). The variations associated with the project are defined as the difference between the time when the particular tasks has to be completed and the time that was actually invested to complete that task. In any form of civil or private construction projects, it is expected in the beginning that the task will be completed within the defined duration and allotted project budgets. However, this is not how things turnout every time. The changes in the activities, resources, and other factors are always observed (Guo and Shang, 2012). The projects that are of huge size, the changes can be observed easilyand their impacts are huge.It is important that the variations in the construction projects are understood clearly to ensure that the variations can be reduced or controlled, if not completely eliminated. The changes in the construction projects occur due to various reasons. The variations in construction projects have negative impact on the entire economy of the particular country along with the individuals who are engaged in the construction projects such as consultants, contractors, andthe owners (Halwatura and Ranasinghe, 2013). The variation in the construction activities is an issue. The occurrence of deviations, being a common phenomenon, is the indication that the entire construction sector is being challenged with certain causes that are to be identified and appropriately managed.

5In general, the works that are started by the engineers or the contractors for the particular client, if faces any kind of changes in the schedule, resources, or other aspects, then such alteration results into the unnecessary extension of the entire project duration and the budget that has been spent on the project. This is very demotivating for all the stakeholders (Hobbs and Besner, 2016). If the government is investing in particular civil construction project considering that the project will be completed in certain time period and within the defined budget, and if it does not happen, then it is likely that the credibility of the government in the eyes of the pubic falls down. This situation is not only with the government projects. If the private construction projects are considered, then it can be stated if the projects fail to be completed within the certain duration and within the defined budget, then it is likely that the parties will never meet again to work on other similar projects due to the lack of credibility orfaith in one another (Hwang and Ng, 2013). Therefore, it can be stated from here that the completion of construction projects within the defined duration and given budget is necessaryto ensure that the credibility is built and better projects are developed. The United Arab Emirates has witnessed numerous construction projects in past few decades as it is clearly visible the way entire country has developed its infrastructure (Kang and Kim, 2015). Moreover, not only the government, but the private entities have largely invested in the construction projects around the country. At present, there are hundreds of construction projects that are on-going and there are many yet to come in existence. In such scenario, it is important that the variations in construction projects are understood to ensure that the future or existing projects progress successfully.Research ProblemThe variations in the construction projects are a major challenge for all the construction activities that are being conducted in the United Arab Emirates. The construction projects

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