MPH5020: Introduction To Epidemiology & Biostatistics

Added on -2020-02-24

| MPH5020| 11 pages| 2151 words| 118 views

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1Biostatistics and Epidemeology Student’s NameDate of Submission
2Q1The aim off this study was to determine the differences that exists in obstetricintervention as well as the selected neonatal and mother outcomes in two groups ofAustralian women (mothers) 1. The two classes of mothers in this study is the womenborn in Australia versus those born in overseas, with the two classes obtaining obstetricintervention in Australia. This is because, literature indicates that the Australian womenborn in overseas face serious challenges such as low birth weight, pre term and cognitiveimpaired babies during obstetric interventions 2. These problems are linked to low levelof education, language barrier, low financial status and lack of proper care duringgestation. As such, this study has put into consideration the places of birth of the twoclasses of Australian women 3. Based on the factors that predispose the women born inoverseas to birth related problems, the women born in Australia are termed as low riskswomen while those born in overseas are the high risk and both are giving birth in NewSouth Wales between the years 2000 to 2008 1. This was to get the difference in the ratesof obstetric interventions for the mothers and neonates so as to understand the differencesthat arise between women born in overseas and those born in Australia during obstetriccare. Q2The study design used in this study was the population based descriptive studyamong the singleton births in the New South Wales. The data was used was previouslycollected by the midwives in the New South Wales. This data was collected between theyears 2000 and 2008, making the sample size to be 691,738 1. Since this data focusses onthe time frame of collection, it makes it possible to answer some specific questions of2
3interest in a study, for instance the rate or prevalence of the obstetric intervention inmothers and neonates among two classes of Australian women giving birth in New SouthWales; that is, the women born in overseas and those born in Australia. One disadvantageof this research design is that it is expensive especially for the data collection part.Moreover, since the data collected might also involve the recalling of previous events 4.This design is crucial for answering a hypothesis because it makes it possible to find outwhether there is or not a relationship between an activity or condition and a healthoutcome. This research design also enables researchers to analyze the numerous datacollected over a long period of time to be analyzed to effectively meet the aims of theresearcher. Q3Gestational diabetes mellitus: AustralianGestationaldiabetes mellitusYes15397Yes14,63030,027No481,271no180,440661,711= 15,397/30,027 divided by 481,271/ 661,711= 0.51/ 0.73= 0.69This indicates that the Australian born women have less risk of developinggestational diabetes mellitus as compared to the non-Australian born women in obstetricinterventions 1. 3
4Hypertension:AustralianHypertensionYes29,800Yes9,16838,968No466,868no185,902652,770= 29,800/ 38968 divided by 466,868/ 652,770= 0.76 / 0.71= 1.07This indicates that the Australians born women have a higher risk of developinghypertension as compared to the non Australian born people 5. Pre- term births:AustralianPreterm birth Yes29,800Yes14,63038,968No466,868no180,440651,209= 29,800/ 38,968 divided by 466,868, /651,209= 0.76/ 0.71= 1.05Q4Excessive risk for gestational diabetes mellitus among the non-Australians4

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