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Client Causes of Variation in Construction Projects inUnited Arab Emirates

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Added on  2019-09-23

Client Causes of Variation in Construction Projects inUnited Arab Emirates

   Added on 2019-09-23

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Client causes of variation in construction projects in United Arab EmiratesByStudent ID number: Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MSc. Project ManagementFaculty of Engineering & ITDissertation Supervisor:July-2017
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Declaration Release FormStudent NameStudent IDProgrammeMSc. Construction ManagementDateJul 2017Title:Client causes of variation in construction projects in United Arab EmiratesI hereby warrant that the content of this dissertation is the direct result of my own work and that any use made in it of published or unpublished copyright material falls within the limits permitted by international copyright conventions. I understand that one copy of my dissertation will be deposited in the University Library for permanent retention. I hereby agree that the material mentioned above for which I am author and copyright holder may be copied and distributed by The University for the purposes of research, private study or education and that The University may recover from purchasers the costs incurred in such copying and distribution, where appropriate. I understand that The University may make that copy available in digital format if appropriate. I understand that I may apply to the University to retain the right to withhold or to restrict access to my dissertation for a period which shall not normally exceed four calendar years from the congregation at which the degree is conferred, the length of the period to be specified in the application, together with the precise reasons for making that application.
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1AcknowledgementPage 1 Student ID #:
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2AbstractThe current research paper was to set to investigate client causes of variation in the construction projects in United Arab Emirates. The past literatures were studied and a brief primary research was conducted. The study led to the finding of eleven independent variablesthat are more likely to impact the dependent variable, project variation. As the goal of the project was to identify the client causes of variation, therefore, all the eleven causes are deeply related to the client in some way or the other. The study led to the understanding that involvement of the client with the project, either more than required or lesser, leads to the project variation.keywords:Project Variation, Cross Tabulation, Client CausesPage 2 Student ID #:
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3AbbreviationsNonePage 3 Student ID #:
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4Table of ContentsAcknowledgement......................................................................................................................1Abstract......................................................................................................................................2Abbreviations.............................................................................................................................3Table of Contents.......................................................................................................................4Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter................................................................................................51.1Introduction.................................................................................................................51.2Background: The United Arab Emirates.....................................................................61.3 Research Background.......................................................................................................71.4 Research Problem.............................................................................................................81.5 Research Aim.................................................................................................................101.6 Research Objectives.......................................................................................................101.7 Research Scope..............................................................................................................111.8 Research Questions........................................................................................................111.9 Dissertation Overview....................................................................................................121.10 Summary......................................................................................................................13Chapter 2: Literature Review...................................................................................................152.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................15Summary..............................................................................................................................28Research Methodology.............................................................................................................30Primary and Secondary Research.........................................................................................30Research Strategy.................................................................................................................31Philosophical Stances.......................................................................................................32Approaches.......................................................................................................................33Strategies..........................................................................................................................34Choices.............................................................................................................................35Time Horizons..................................................................................................................36Page 4 Student ID #:
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5Techniques and Procedures..............................................................................................36Pilot Study............................................................................................................................37Ethical and Moral Considerations........................................................................................38Results......................................................................................................................................39Conclusion................................................................................................................................44References................................................................................................................................47Appendix..................................................................................................................................50Research Questionnaire........................................................................................................50Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter1.1IntroductionThe aim of this research or dissertation is to investigate client causes of variation in the construction projects in United Arab Emirates. The understanding of this aspect is important as it is directly associated with the failure or success of particular project (De Meyer et al, 2002). The parties that are generally involved in the construction project are client, consultants, and contractors. The variations in the construction projects occur due to various reasons and the involvement of these three entities are considered as important (Abdul Rahman et al, 2012). Variations are the deviations that occur within the projects from what has been agreed among the stakeholders at the beginning of the project. The deviation from the actual planned project can be of various forms such as removal of certain activity, reduction in the amount defined for the budget, or any changes in what has been written in Page 5 Student ID #:
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6the contracts (Wang, 2000). Some of the variations can be visible to the stakeholders, while others cannot be seen or assessed. The current paper will investigate the variations in the project in the United Arab Emirates using the various research techniques discussed in the research methodology section. The next sub-section briefly states the research background upon which the entire research study is based. The research background is followed by the research problem that is likely to be resolved through the conduction of this research. The research problem is followed by the research aim which states where the entire research project is heading. The research objectives, after the research aim discusses the aspects that will be touched while moving towards the achievement of the research aim. The research scope will define the premise within which the research will be conducted. The research scope is likely to help understand the limitations of this research paper. The research questions discussed after the research scope will showcase the questions that are to be answered by the end of this research project. This chapter has been summarized in end under Summary section.1.2Background: The United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates is the combination of seven states and is ruled by the Supreme Council of Rulers. The seven states that are under the United Arab Emirates are Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Um al-Qaywayn , Fujayrah, and Ra’s al-Khayma. In the past decades, the government has invested in various governments run construction projects. The focus has been on improving the economic situation of the entire country by further bringing them together with the help of infrastructural development. As mentioned earlier, the variations can be signified by various forms of changes in the construction projects. One of them can be changes in the schedule (Alzahrani and Emsley, 2013). Schedule refers to the overall duration that has been assigned for the completion of project. The changes in the schedule can occur due to factors such as lack of resources, or the sudden occurrence of any kind of risks (Aminbakhsh et al, 2013). It might be related to the desire of some of the stakeholder to extend the deadline or stretch the duration without any reason. In some cases, the variations occur when the parties vary on the requirements that have been defined for the project. The requirements or the things that are to be achieved by the end of the project are generally defined in the beginning of the project. However, due to some changes in the mind of stakeholders or occurrence of any kind of situation leads to the change in the requirements which eventually creates variations in the project. Page 6 Student ID #:
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