Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPPS) Assignment

Added on - Sep 2019

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1Chapter 4: Presentation and Analysis of Data4.1 IntroductionThe data collected from the survey has been computed and translated into numeric code for theexact percentage using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for the descriptiveanalysis of the variables. The statistical tools that have been used on the collected data aredescriptive statistics, and correlation analysis. The data is also represented in the forms of graphsand charts which are mad in SPSS itself. The descriptive statistics will help in viewing the datain concise form and the correlation analysis will help in understanding the relationship betweenthe different variables identified for the study. The results will help in understanding whether itsatisfies the hypotheses or not.4.2 Survey findingsCharacteristics of the respondentsDescriptive StatisticsNMinimumMaximumMeanStd.DeviationRespondent ID202.E82.E82.02E85.916Marital Status20142.25.967Eductional Level20263.051.191Work Experience20111.00.000Age of Participants20132.05.605Country of Education20111.00.000
2Lack of family supportand orthodoxies20132.05.605Family Obligations20232.35.489Male Dominance20232.30.470Hostility of Societytowards engagement ofwomen in business20242.75.639Non-cooperation ofmale counterparts20242.75.851Difficulty in dealingwith Males20242.901.021Weak bargainingpositions20222.00.000Harassment20343.80.410Lack of Experience20121.20.410Lack of ProperTrainings20121.20.410Poor credit faciliites forwormen20243.00.562Lack of Finances20343.35.489Heavy taxes, fees,duties, etc.20454.15.366Inflation204. of politicalexperience20131.70.657
3Lack of proper politicaltrainings20131.45.605Stringent regulationsand policies20343.20.410Red-tape, bribery, etc.20121.75.444Lack of governmentalsupport20232.45.510Improper Training andDevelopment Facilities/Centers20121.20.410Valid N (listwise)20The table above shows that the maximum women who have responded to the questionnaire arewidow and most of them have attained the education level up to PhD. Most of them have anexperience of working between 1-5 years and most of them are between the age group of 36-50years. Almost all of them have obtained their education degree from Oman.When they were asked about the factors that affect them as entrepreneurs in Oman, most of themagreed to the factors related to weak bargaining power, lack of experience and lack of propertrainings. To all other factors, either they responded neutrally or they disagreed to them. Whenthey were asked about the financial and economic domain, then also most of them did not agreewith any of the factors. The respondents agreed to the factor of existence of red-tape or bribery,and the improper training and the development facilities for the domain of political andenvironmental background knowledge.QuestionnaireThe questionnaire was given to 35 women for rating and 20 of them returned the questionnairewith the rating score and they were filled completely. The questionnaire was guided by theknowledgeable people in the field. The questionnaire is formed on the basis of Likert scale. The
4set of questions were divided into 5 parts. They are: Demographic (1) Family, self and SocialDomain (2) Financial & Economic Domain (3) Background Knowledge (4) and Political &Environmental Domain (5). The sample of the questionnaire can be found in the appendix.The questionnaire is valid and reliable because the reliability and validity was tested using theCronbach’s Alpha in the SPSS. This helps in measuring the internal consistency i.e. it tells thathow close are the items in the study as a group. The alpha was more than 0.70 which means thatthe level of consistency is acceptable and the data can be used for analysis.
54.3 Analysis using Statistical PackagesFamily, Self and Social Domain of RespondentsFrom the above table, it can be analyzed that 65% of the women are married, 20% are widowand 15% are single.
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