Criminology Comparative Case Study

Added on - 28 May 2020

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2CriminologyTable of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Policing in England and Wales........................................................................................................4Policing in US..................................................................................................................................6Comparing.......................................................................................................................................8Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................12References......................................................................................................................................13
3CriminologyIntroductionPolicing is defined as such a set of activities which are deemed as provision of securitythrough the use of surveillance and the threat of sanctioning (Rawlings, 2012). Under policing,the activities are organized which help in organizing order maintenance, in keeping peace,enforcement of rule or law, prevention and investigation of crime, and the other types ofassociated information brokering and investigation which covers the conscious exercise ofcoercive power (Newburn & Reiner, 2012). Policing helps the police in tackling criminalitywhich becomes more effective and efficient by allowing for collaboration, providing higherflexibility in workforce and also in freeing up the police in what they do best, which is to protectthe feeble and to fight crime (UK Government, 2017).The policing work, as the name suggests, is carried on through the police, where theycatch the criminals, prevent crime from taking place and maintain public order, along withcarrying on the daily activities like patrolling, traffic duties, and the like. There is no singlepolice, who carries on this work; each aspect of policing is in hands of certain groups of police,which are given different names. These names based on the classification of the police are donebased on the nation in which the police operate (Newburn, 2012). For instance, in England andWales the classifications include British Transport Police, PCSO, Riot Police, and the like;whilst in US, these include FBI police, Federal Air Marshal Services, Texas Ranger Division,and the like. This is just a basic example of the variance in the policing of two nations. Thisdiscussion would attempt to shed some light on the policing in England and Wales, and in US,and would draw comparisons and variances between the two nations.
4CriminologyPolicing in England and WalesThe mission statements of the police in England and Wales make a frequent reference tothe wordings of Richard Mayne given back in 1829 where the key goals of efficient police isdefined as one which relates to preventing crime, detection of it, and punishing the offenderswhere crime is committed. And the efforts of the police are directed towards ending all these. Itrelates to protection of property and life, preserving public tranquillity, end of crime for provingthat the efforts of police have succeeded and the goals set by police for whom they have beenappointed, have been achieved. The attainment of these goals depends on cooperation from thepublic and their approval. Amongst the key principles of the modern day policing in England andWales is that the police seeks to work as a part of and with the community (Natale, 2010).The police force in England and Wales are managed in a strategic manner by PoliceAuthority or Board, through which it is ensured that for policing there, is local accountability.There is a model known as the tripartite system of police accountability where theresponsibilities have been distributed between the chief constable of force, the Home Office, andthe local police authority or Police, and the Crime Panel (Barton, 2014). The Home Officedetermines the main national policing goals; the local police authority is responsible for themaintenance of efficient and effective force; and the chief constable is responsible for controland direction of force (Natale, 2010).In England and Wales, there are forty three police forces and there is a variance in thestructures of these forces. In general, each force has a force headquarters, which includes acommissioner’s office or chief constable, along with central services and the units, combinedwith a force-wide remit. The majority of police forces cover large area and include several
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