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HumanitiesImpressionism vs. Post-impressionismStudent Name: Dwaraka R IyengarStudent ID: 000231066Course Name: Literature, HumanitiesCourse ID: IWT1
1Selected two periodsThe two periods that has been selected for the study are impressionism and the post-impressionism.A1 – Earlier Historical Art PeriodThe period of the impressionism lies between the years 1870 and 1890. The depicting thevarious patterns of light can be found in abundance in this period. The individuals who wereoriented towards the impressionism during this period clearly violated what the academicpainting reflected. The use of free brush movements and colors was observed. Use of smalland thin brushstrokes was the norm in impressionism. This was a traditional break in the wayEuropean painting worked. The orientation towards the scientific research also came intoexistence in this period. The painters in this period focused on covering the daily happeningsaround the world (Nochin, 1966). Their paintings also reflected the feelings of the painters.Some of the well-known painters from this period are Claude Monet, Mary Cassat, CamillePissarro, Edgar Degas, and others. During this period, the social condition of the France wasduring the huge changes. The impressionist painting reflected the reaction to the sanctionsmade by the government on the paintings in the name of academic changes.A2 - Later Historical Art PeriodThe post-impressionism is also referred to as the period of French art. The development ofthis period was early 20thcentury. The arts developed in the post-impressionist period can bewitnessed to be highly influenced by the arts from the artists of the impressionist period. Thefocus on the painters during this period was behind capturing the emotions of the masses. Thestyle of the painting was more of free style which was similar to that of the impressionistspainting, however, the thing that evolved was the expression of emotion in the painting.
2Some of the well-known painters from this period were Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh,Henri Rousseau, and others. The inclusions of geometric shapes were also observed in thepaintings of this period. The people in the post-impressionist were experiencing political andeconomic oppression that clearly reflected in the paintings during this period.A3 – Relationship between the two periodsThere are numerous relationships between these two periods and in variety of ways and thereason behind such relationship is the closeness in the periods, time and location. The laterperiod has been seen to be impacted by the earlier period and, therefore, the presence ofsimilarity can be an obvious understanding. On the other hand, there are some differencesalso in these two periods. They have been described below.A3a - Stylistic differencesIn the previous period, there was presence of freedom of expression. The presence of freedomof expression was what induced little to no emotional inputs in the paintings in the previousperiod. However, the later period observed numerous instances of emotional inputs in thepaintings made by the painters. The lack of freedom of expression in the physical world dueto various forms of oppression, reflected in the paintings during the later period. Theemotions shown in the painting reflected the emotion of the masses.Example: On one hand where the paintings of Paul Cezanne reflected intellectual andcerebral orientation, on the other hand the paintings of Van Gogh and Paul Gaugin reflectedspiritualism and romanticism that amply reflects the emotions.A3a- Stylistic similarities