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Indigenous health in Australia assignments

Added on - 24 Feb 2020

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HEALTH ISSUES AMONGSTINDIGENOUS COMMUNITYAND REST OF AUSTRALIA
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe reason behind presenting this report is to identify health issues in diverse communities.In this particular discussion, we have taken Indigenous Australia as the diverse communitygroup and mental issues, depression and smoking as the health indicators affecting thesecommunities. We further discuss the reasons for health inequality amongstthe Indigenouscommunity and the rest dominant non Indigenous Australians. The report discusses whoIndigenous Australians are, their cultural diversity, unemployment rates, and gendercomposition. It also provides an insight on the definition of good health, factors affecting thegeneral health of individuals such as socio economic factors, health indicators and the causesof health disparity such as unemployment, poverty, lack of education, poor housing andhealth care infrastructure and non awareness of the impact of bad habits. It also provides withthe statistics of how Indigenous Australians are lacking in various fields than othercommunities which in turn are adversely affecting their health.2
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................................4DISCUSSION...........................................................................................................................................4PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITY...............................................................................................................5DISCUSSION OF THE KEY ISSUE..............................................................................................................6HEALTH OF THE COMMUNITY-DEFINITION....................................................................................6HEALTH INDICATORS.........................................................................................................................7CONCLUSION.........................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES.........................................................................................................................................103
INTRODUCTIONBefore European colonisation, there were individuals who moved out from the groups ofindividuals who lived in Australia and the neighbouring islands; they are commonly knownas Indigenous Australians. However, they are not a single group but large number of peoplewith diverse culture, opinion and values. Torres Strait Islanders who originated from TorresStrait Island, part of Queensland and Aboriginal people who originated from almost all of therest parts of Australia are the two separate groups who are referred as Indigenous Australians.Some of over 700 languages spoken by Australian at the time of colonization are even nowspoken by these groups.Owing to recurring climatic changes indigenous people lived a nomadic life before theadvent of Europeans and did not stay at a particular place for a long time. In order to haveregular supply of food, they administered frail surroundings cautiously. In today’s scenariomost of aboriginals resides in towns, cities and suburbs in vulnerable circumstances. Due topilferingof their land, lot of indigenous people are employed in livestock ranches. However,several of them continue to hunt and reside on their terrain. Following incursion by theBritishers, most of their land was taken over (Survival.2016) which adversely affected themphysically and mentally and caused several diseases which in turn reduced their population.In this discussion, we will take mental health issues, depression and smoking intoconsideration and how they adversely affect Indigenous Australians more than non-Indigenous people.DISCUSSION1)PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYPresently, Indigenous community accounts for around 3 percent of total Australianinhabitants (DiscoverStories. 2015). They not only reside in suburbs but also in main townsand cities; almost 208,500 indigenous people are in New South Wales making it the largeststate with such people andmaximum ratiowhich is 30 percent in North Territory. However,744,956 of these inhabitants are projected to be residing in Australia as per data collectedfrom 2011 consensus. The Indigenous population comprises more of young people than oldones as compared to non-indigenous people. It is anticipated that in the year 2006, age ofpartial non –Indigenous inhabitants were 37 years or fewer which was 21years or fewer incase of indigenousinhabitants(Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2010).Also, in the year 2011,4
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