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A245CAR: Intermediate Counselling Skills | Assignment

Added on - 20 Sep 2019

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A245CAR:IntermediateCounsellingSkillsWith reference to Egan's skilled helper model, identify the roleof the helper, describing the life-cycle of this relationship andthe helping and hindering factors in the formation of therelationship. Then reflecting upon your learning, evaluate yourdevelopment of stage 1 and 2 counselling skills.SID: 7006313Word Count: 1646 wordsEgan’s skilled helper model will be described and evaluated throughout this work.The model aims to address three vital questions, which are revealed in the three70063131
stages; what is going on? What do I want instead? And how might I get to what Iwant? (Egan, 2013).The role of the helper is very important when determining how well the relationship isbetween the helper and helpee. The main factors that are vital as a helper isunderstanding emotions. This is essential for creating empathy towards the client. Itis crucial for the helpee to portray that they are a good active listener. This issignificant to ensure that they are showing interest, both verbally and non-verbally(Nelson-Jones, 2015).In relation to Gerard Egan’s Skilled Helper Model, it is necessary to understand theimportance of different skills and qualities a helper must have (Egan, 2013). The roleof the helper can be related to the beginnings and middle stages of the life cycle.Stage 1 comprises of Carl Roger’s three core conditions; acceptance, genuinenessand empathy (Rogers, 1967).When the helper begins to accept the client for who they are, this conveys that theyare respecting the client and accepting them in whatever situation that arises. Thiscan also be referred to as unconditional positive regard (Rogers, 1967).The role of being genuine revolves around active listening. This can create a stablerelationship to show genuine interest, especially with the use of eye contact andappropriate body language. Congruence communicates a strong relationship, andreveals the true nature of the counsellor and their willingness to care in thisrelationship.An empathetic relationship is crucial to ensure that there is an understanding offeelings, with the use of tentative openers, to indicate that the helpee’s feelings arenot the same as your own.Stage 2 tries to demonstrate a higher in depth understanding of the client’s situationby the helper establishing different perspectives in dealing with events (ResourcePack, 2016).70063132
Stage 2 empathy solely focuses on a deeper understanding and reaching emotionswhich are buried inside the helpee. To do this, the helper will identify themes orpatterns of behaviour. It would be necessary to make associations and links betweendifferent thoughts and feelings (Resource Pack, 2016). The main problem arousedfrom this is that if the client is being closed with the helpee, it is difficult to distinguishadvanced feelings, which are hidden inside the client.Challenging behaviours when using counselling skills, can benefit the helpee, whenirregular signs of body language do not reflect what is being said. Another exampleis when the client is blaming another person in the situation. Alternative frames ofreference can be used here, to identify other viewpoints (Wosket, 2008). A limitationof this section is the client may feel like the helper is almost against them, especiallywhen mentioning to look at other viewpoints, except their own.The aim of immediacy is being aware of what is happening in the counsellingrelationship at any given time. It is all about open and honest communication(Stewart and Sutton, 2017). This helps the helper and helpee relationship developwith the use of direct communication. A major problem would be that the client maynot mention everything that goes on, therefore the helper is not aware of everything.Self-disclosure is helpful if it keeps the client on target and moves the client to self-understanding. In addition, the Johari Window can be a useful tool in understandingself-awareness. It is comprised of 4 areas. The areas include; what is known to self,not known to self, known to others and not known to others (Luft and Ingham, 1961)A confrontation, when using counselling skills, is used when mixed signals, orfeelings are present in the client’s thoughts or feelings. However, it should only beused when a rapport has been built.The endings of the helping relationship are evident in Stage 3 skills. This is theaction stage, where the helper will help the client move into considering takingaction. Both stage 1 and 2 skills are used to tackle problems, set goals and thinkcreatively.70063133
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