Report on Consequences of Abuse in Middle Childhood

Added on - 27 Jul 2022

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Running head:ABUSE IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
ABUSE IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
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ABUSE IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
Introduction
Associationsbetweenexperiencingchildabuseandhostiledevelopmental
consequences are extensively studied, however assumptions about the degree, to which the
impacts are bidirectional and if they are probable to be causal tends to remain vague.As per
studies,victims of child abuse show a range of hostile consequences during childhood and
later in their adulthood (Font & Berger, 2015). Even though the experiences of maltreatment
is supposed to be adversely affecting the later development of the children, the actual effect
of abuse or ill treatment on children's developmental courses and the collation of these
associations is challenging to guess. Reports reveal that physical abuse is identified as the
most common form of child ill-treatment in Canada.Every year, nearly 23 per 1,000 children
in the United States as well as 20 per 1,000 children in Canada are confirmed victims of
certain form of abuse (Hunt et al., 2017). The following essay will analyse how experiences
of child abuse in middle childhood impacts the psychological development of the children
during that lifespan and in future psychological development. Additionally, it will discuss
ways in which registered nurses and other health experts can support them and improve their
psychological conditions.
Discussion
Analysing abuse in middle childhood (6-11 years)
Experiencing ill-treatment in middle childhood tends to have prevailing impact on
self-concept. As per studies, middle childhoodchild abusecan be understood as any ill-
treatment, hostile behaviour, assault, mental suffering or sexual communication between a
child and an adult or the individual can be an older child (Schwartz et al., 2015).On the other
hand, in cases like incest, the child can be excessively exploited by an older person devoid of
any respect or concernsfor the child’sdevelopmentalimmaturityand incapabilityto
comprehend the sexual behaviour.The idea offalse self-trainingmentions the standards of
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ABUSE IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
adults where the child is held by refuting and negating the crucial developmental needs of
middle childhood.Child abuse can be considered as an example of false self-training
(Blakely-McClure & Ostrov, 2016).
Impacts of child abuse experiences on psychological development in middle childhood (6-11
years)
Children in their middle childhood show greater degree of realistic sense of self in
comparison to the ones in early childhood.Such an overstated sense of self facilitates an
understanding of the strengths as well as weaknesses of children during that lifespan.This
can be further linked to the greater experience in associating one’s personal performance with
that of the others as well as to superior cognitive flexibility (Dunsmore, 2015).In the lifespan
of 6-11 years the understanding of self-concept can be affected and shaped by peers as well
as family in addition to the importance they show to the children. Under Erikson’s stages of
psychological development theIndustry vs. Inferiorityis recognized as the fourth stage
whereby children arrive into the superior society away from the family for the first time. In
the stage ofIndustry vs. Inferiority, children tend to develop connection and self-definition.
According toFont and Berger (2015), in this stage, children attain the capacity of learning
about their value and role in the world. Such an understanding further enables them to
developdeveloped,intimate,reciprocallysustaining,shared,interpersonalassociations.
Throughout the stage ofIndustry vs. Inferiority, children continue to develop a realistic,
distinctive sense of self and individuality (Dunsmore, 2015). On the other side, feelings of
weakness in children during the middle childhood might begin to develop and probably
stabilize. Such situations might arise if the child feels incapable in developing self-concept
and self-confidence in their capabilities, their skills as well as their contribution to society.
Physically abused children of around 9-11 years tend to exhibit immense withdrawal
and hostility and gather the capacity to remember prompts linked to hostility and be likely to
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