Accident Investigation Case Study

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head: MANAGEMENT OF SAFETY PERFORMANCEManagement of Safety PerformanceName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
2MANAGEMENT OF SAFETY PERFORMANCETable of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................2Purpose of Accident Investigation...................................................................................................3Discussion on different Accident causation models and investigation methods.............................3Heinrich’s Domino theory...............................................................................................................4Epidemiological models..................................................................................................................6Swiss cheese Accident Causation Model........................................................................................6Dynamic between Humans & Technology within Work Processes & Environments....................6High Hazard industries (investigating and acting upon small scale accidents is an effective wayto prevent larger scale events by identifying negative cultures responsible for latent failures)......7Large and small organizations (can influence the effectiveness of Accident Investigation)...........9Nature and extent of an organization’s Proactive Safety & Health Management (will influencethe scope, effectiveness and quality of Accident Investigation)....................................................10Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................11Reference List................................................................................................................................13
3MANAGEMENT OF SAFETY PERFORMANCEIntroductionThis study deals with understanding the concept of Accident Investigation that fulfils thecritical role for supporting continual improvement process (Zohar 2014). The process can bejudged by managing occupational health as well as safety. The current segment help inexplaining the large scale accident that results in assessing the performance of business bylooking at the negative impacts like absence or injury, morale, higher insurance premiums,reduced productivity, negative media attention as well as increased likelihood of enforcementaction and performance. It is necessary for both large and small organization to selectappropriate accident causation models in order to prevent such accidents in future. It is for thisreason why business enterprise should consider their approach for investigating certain accidentsby utilizing learning opportunities as well as identifying deficiencies within their OccupationalSafety and Health Management System. By adopting this method, business organization will beable to understand the underlying cause behind the occurrence or accident. The present studyelaborates about the significance of accident or incident investigations for preventing suchrepetitive cycle of misleading towards large-scale accident in case of any rail junction crash andthe Herald of Free Enterprises that capsizes several accidents (Zohar and Polachek 2014). Entirestudy had been conducted to critically understand the success of accident causation theory,models as well as technique for examining small-scale and large-scale industrial event andaccidents at the same time.
4MANAGEMENT OF SAFETY PERFORMANCEPurpose of Accident InvestigationEven if there is proper planning and forward thinking in the world, there will be stillaccidents happening at workplace. To avoid or minimize this type of accident in workplace,effective health and safety training should be conducted, as it will reduce the likelihood of anaccident that take place. It is impossible to eliminate the possible for an incident or decrease thechances down to zero. The main aim of accident investigation is to evaluate what led tooccurrence of such accidents with the ultimate aim of highlighting what can be enhanced such assafety controls, changes to defensive equipment and working practice. By this, same accidentwill not happen twice and even prevent serious accident taking place at some point of time in thenear future (Zhou, Goh and Li 2015).Discussion on different “Accident causation models” as well as “investigation methods”Various Accident Causation Models as well as investigation methods that are readilyavailable but it is treated crucial that business enterprise selects suitable model that reflects thecomplexity of the organizational systems that needs to be investigated beforehand. It is importantto look at the greater likelihood for identifying deeper underlying causes of accidents.Selleck(2017) opines certain key factors that take into account degree of flexibility within operations aswell as level of stability in association with the work environment and the involvement ofmanageability process.Accident Causation Theory is one of the theoretical models that display how an accidenttakes place in business enterprise. Addition to that, this particular model relies upon bothorganizational hierarchy as well as human error in given period. Furthermore, the model assumes
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