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Activities and issues of the World Health Organization PDF

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Activities and issues of the World Health Organization (WHO)
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Table of Contents
Abstract............................................................................................................................................3
Introduction......................................................................................................................................3
Review of Related Literature...........................................................................................................3
Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................8
References......................................................................................................................................10
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Abstract
The paper will focus on the global issue faced by World health organisation (WHO). It will
review the global presence of the issue and its health impacts along with the steps/actions taken
by WHO to overcome the challenges.
Introduction
In the era of economically globalised countries and developing nations the countries are facing
various challenges such as poverty, pollution, climate change and other problems related to
health and migration which is becoming a challenge that are affects the international relations.
There is need to collaborate and the global challenges identified by WHO are needed to be
overcome through the combined efforts of the nations and organizations that are working
together. There is also a situation of conflicts and wars that are also affecting the international
relations so it is a challenge for World Health Organisation (WHO) to deal with the issues with
the availability of limited resources. This literature review will focus on one such challenge that
is Refugee and migrant health along with the steps that are taken globally to overcome it.
Review of Related Literature
According to Johnson, (2017) immigration/migration is considered to be a global issue for most
of the countries. Many of the counties welcomed most of the refugees and have stretched their
capacity to absorb as per the limits but this has become a challenge for the nations and affecting
the international relations of the countries. In the words of Schilling, et al., (2017) the situation of
wars and geographical situation has resulted to a situation of migration. There is an increase in
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the number of migrants in Europe and the number of migrants has reached 244 millions in 2015
which is almost 3% of the world population. There were 1.9 million refugees that were from
non-member countries in the European Union. WHO has identified refugees and migrants as
global issue and there are issues of common health problems. Migrants are considered to be the
population that moves to other country due to worst economic condition, seek of employment of
any other reason and might move to another country, return back or remain in the home country.
On the other side, refugee are the person which are having a situation of fear due to religion
issue, terrorism, poverty, war or other issue that motivates to move from the home country to
host country to protect or provide protection from the guest country. The issues of the health and
food are similar to the general population of the world. The most common issues identified with
the migrants and refugees are accidental injuries, burns, hypothermia, gastrointestinal illness,
pregnancy and delivery related complications (UNHCR 2015). In addition to this, female
refugees face issues of maternal, child health, sexual and reproductive health. Violence is
identified as common problem with the migrants and the key issue the access to providers and
health care systems. There are 31000 people identified to have died or gone missing at the sea at
the time of crossing the Mediterranean Sea in the fists 10 months of 2015. These migrations have
resulted to several chronic diseases, prevalence of HIV infection is generally low in North Africa
and Middle East but due to migration of population has resulted to increased issue 40% in most
northern European countries where as the proportion is 20-40% in Western Europe(Van Biesen,
et al., 2018). WHO also identified that besides a decline in the past decade still migrants
constitute of 35% new HIV cases in European Union and European Economic Area.
According toHargreaves, et al., (2018)there are number of obstacles faced in treatment and
providing health services due to culturally sensitive health system. It is common problem of
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