Advocating for the Nursing Role in Program Design and Implementation
Added on -2022-08-20
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Running head: POLICY AND ADVOCACY1 Advocating for the Nursing Role in Program Design and Implementation Name Institutional Affiliation
POLICY AND ADVOCACY2 Health Policies Report Nurses have a broad role in the healthcare system, which include clinical nursing practices, consultation, follow-up treatment, illness presentation and education of patients and their communities. Therefore, they significantly contribute to the availability of quality healthcare services to patients and communities, improved quality of life for patients with chronic illnesses, improved patient experiences and outcomes, and cost-effectiveness of healthcare (Kemppainen, Tossavainen, & Turunen, 2013). The wide range of roles that nurses play in the healthcare system, and their high levels of interactions with patients are essential opportunities for them to participate in policy-making. There are various strategies supporting nurses to engage in advocacy and policy development. The strategies include facilitation of practice, revisit the professional roles, and change in the organizational culture. The revision of professional roles means aligning the nursing roles with the prevailing healthcare reforms and changing demands of healthcare systems. Practice facilitation means involving nurses in the development of processes and activities, in healthcare programs. The nurses’ involvement is essential in the development of goals and objectives, education of stakeholders, improvement of quality of healthcare and problem-solving in healthcare. Changing the organizational culture to create an atmosphere for innovation and support for nurses in policy making is also essential (Lau et al. 2015). Klein, and Sorra (1996) explained that effectiveness of project implementation depends on the quality and effectiveness of the organizational members to utilize innovation. Capacity building of nurses is an important strategy for enhancing communication and advocacy of policy-making opportunities for nurses. Nurses are responsible for a wide range of healthcare roles. Health policies are essential in guiding the health promotion activities undertaken by nurses. Capacity building can help to tap the variety of expertise that nurses have as managers of health projects and general health workers to inform policy
POLICY AND ADVOCACY3 development. Changes in the organizational culture to create an environment that support nursing policy-making roles is essential(Kemppainen et al., 2013). Providing adequate funding is essential for strengthening nurses’ capacity to engage in continuous learning so that they can be well prepared to engage in policy-making. There are significant changes in healthcare needs and and healthcare reforms. With adequate funding and opportunities for continued nursing, nurses will have the capacity to support population in health promotion and contribute to healthcare management, healthcare reforms and policy development (Kub, Kulbok, Miner, & Merrill, 2017). Nurses have a vital role to play in public health promotion and implementation of project programs. The nurses play a vital role in themapping of the projects and conducting feasibility studies during design with the aim of identifying the scope and project requirements such as resources, number of target beneficiaries and budgeting.The nurses are general health promoters and are in a good position to advise the project design team on the appropriate technologies and strategies to incorporate in the design. The also contribute to resource mobilization by recommending possible partners. They also identify the community needs that the programs should seek to address. According to Thomas, Seifert and Joyner (2016), nurses have a role as innovators in the healthcare system and can support patients and communities to leverage available resources and technologies available. Consequently, the target populations can understand important aspects about their healthcare system and available channels to access healthcare services. Additionally,nurses have a role to identify the health policies that are relevant to their target populations and to advocate for their implementation. They can also act as a link between the target populations and other healthcare professionals by coordinating care and fostering collaboration within the healthcare system.
POLICY AND ADVOCACY4 The nurses are important members of the multidisciplinary teams in program implementation. The inter-professional teams are essential contributors in the successful implementation of programs that focus on quality healthcare provision to individuals and communities. With nurses as coordinators and linkages between the community and other healthcare professionals within the team, the interdisciplinary teams are able to promote self- management and lifestyle and behaviour change among patients at the community band individual level. The nurses ensure that the healthcare needs of patients and their communities are met through the incorporation of diverse skills from a pool of healthcare professionals. The coordination enhances collaboration, and the target populations are able to benefit from a large pool of skills and technologies for disease prevention and management (McGill et al. 2016). Nurses also interact widely with the target populations throughout their tasks, and are important in the actual rolling out of programs, and establishing rapport. Consequently, nurses are essential in reducing resistance of the project by target populations. Interview 1.Tell us about a healthcare program, within your practice. A healthcare program within my practice is the community-based education program. The overall goal of the project is to provide available, quality and effective education at the community level with the focus of preventing injury and disease and promoting the quality life of the community members. Various individual, organizational, environmental and policy factors determine the health status and behaviour of community members. The different factors are interrelated and determine how people interact with the healthcare system at the community level. Therefore, community-based health education programs have a high potential to improve the health, wellbeing and wellness of the communities. 2.What are the projected outcomes of this program? The projected project outcomes include:
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