Air Pollution - Assignment

Added on - Oct 2020

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How can large metropolitan areas be reformedor restructured to help control increasing ratesof air pollution?
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1Meaning of air pollution.........................................................................................................1Causes of air pollution............................................................................................................2Impact of air pollution............................................................................................................3Associations working to deal with air pollution and taking corrective actions......................8Measures to control air pollution............................................................................................9CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................10REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
INTRODUCTIONAir is the gaseous substance which is present all around the earth. There are many gaseswhich get mixed in air such as oxygen, nitrogen, etc. Air pollution is the issue in which there ispresence of pollutants in air which are harmful living being for inhaling. Air pollution meanspresence of toxic elements in air which usually is not present in environment but affects qualityof air in negative way (Seinfeld and Pandis, 2012). There are many issues which may arise andcan affects health of individual such as acid rain, ozone depletion, etc. Air pollution is a seriousproblem these days which affects working of society and people residing there. In this report,there is discussion about restructuring of metropolitan areas of UK, so there is less hamper toenvironment and people residing in society. In this report, different intrametropolitan areas suchas London, etc. are considered. There is discussion about measures through which possibilities ofair pollution can be reduced.MAIN BODYPollution is very common term which is used these days because there is different typesof pollution which affects living beings such as human beings, birds, animals, etc. Hence it isimportant to take measures through which it can be rectified according to external environment.Meaning of air pollutionIt refers to the contamination of air. There are some physical, biological reasons whichaffects air flowing in environment. Air pollution is reason of harmful gases, dust, smoke enters inenvironment and then it create a problem for living beings in inhaling. Air pollution happens intwo form i.e. visible and invisible air pollution example. There is imbalance between increaseand decrease of harmful substance. Air consist of mainly nitrogen and oxygen with volume ofapprox 78% and 21% respectively. In this 1% is other kind of gases such as carbon dioxide,methane, hydrogen, helium, etc. These gases mix with other harmful substances which affectshealth in negative manner (Leighton, 2012). Air pollution is one of the adversely affectedelement because living beings inhale air which is present in environment.Air pollution is one of the major issue which is faced by metropolitan cities.It isimportant to deal with it because pollution has negative impact on animal, plants, etc. in mostharmful manner. Air pollution is increasing day by day because of increment in human activitiessuch as deforestation, excess use of fuel, smoking, etc. This is the biggest threat for crops,1
animals, children, old age people, etc. There is no positive results because of air pollution, so it isimportant to deal with it and make strategies with which it is easy to deal. Air pollution is themajor reason which affects on environment, living being, etc. it is important to deal with themso that environment of society can be maintained. Cities facing such issues are London, England,Wales, etc. because these are the cities which has great population.Causes of air pollutionThere are different reasons of air pollution such as mining, transportation,industrialisation, fire smoke, etc. This affects at local, national and international level so it isessential to deal with it. There are different types of air pollutants such as Sulfur Oxides,Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, Carbon Dioxide, Volatile organic Compounds, etc. inmetropolitans cities, there is much pollution due to traffic, pollution due to transportation, miningoperations, smoke from factories, burning of fossil fuel, etc. Causes of air pollution are as under-One cause of air pollution is Burning of fossil fuel. There is use of different vehicles inmetropolitan cities such as trucks, cars, Jeeps, trains, etc. These components give pollution toenvironment (Anderson, Thundiyil and Stolbach, 2012). There are some dangerous gases such asCarbon Mono-oxide, Nitrogen oxides, etc. which affects health of animals, living beings, etc.Due to burning of petrol, diesel and other fuel which is the major reason of pollution inmetropolitans areas of UK. There are many public transport which affects level of air pollution insociety.UK is the country where number of tourist visit with rapid speed, so there are possibilitiesof smoke, transportation pollution which is the major cause of air pollution. There are manypolitical norms such as polling of vehicle, restricted amount of smoke from factories, setting offactories at far places, etc. which are formed with aim of controlling air pollution. In peak seasonof tourism, there is requirement of more transportation which is the major cause of air pollution.London is the city where there is requirement of different sources for loading of raw material tofactories, so there is use of more fossil fuels which causes air pollution. For instance: in citieslike Manchester, England, Kensisgton, etc. material and resources which are required tomanufacture articles is supplied from London due to more availability of labour andtechnological advancement. To supply these entities more modes of transportation are requiredwhich results in air pollution.2
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