Cancer Causes and Symptoms Assignment

Added on - 09 Oct 2019

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RunninghHead:APPROACH TO CARE FOR CANCERApproach To Care For Cancer – Tenzin Bhakto, RN
APPROACH TO CARE FOR CANCER1IntroductionThe symptoms for cancer need to be closely examined to determine cancer. The doctor canwell guide and tell based on the symptoms and signs in case the same are being associated tocancer.The crucial diagnosis and staging can aid in learning while giving the understandinglinked to the complications that can arise for patients undergoing cancer treatment (Mottet et al.,2017, pp. 620). There are various methods that can aid in the reduction of physical andpsychological effects being linked to cancer. The significance lies in the comprehension oftreatment and the side effects too.Diagnosis & Staging of CancerThe cause for cancer is attributed to various symptoms. It can also be the case that thesymptoms are not a result of cancer, rather other benign tumors that can form the cause. Thediagnosis for cancer is based on the screening tests that are conducted. There would be certainsymptoms that are indicative of cancer too.The lab tests, procedures and tests done can point out towards the diagnosis. Itis’scrucial toconsider the lab tests pertain to body fluids, urine and blood. The same is helpful for the doctorsto well diagnose. Based on the various lab tests and imaging procedures encompassing the CTscan, Ultrasound, MRIand Nuclear scan, the diagnosis can be done for cancer (Navani et al.,2015). The various imaging procedures can be helpful. Basis the CT scan, the detailed imagespertaining to the body are taken and highlighting the areas in the body can be well done with theuse of dye.The PET scan also aids in the diagnosis for cancer. The machine assists in the 3-dimensionalpictures,which clearly show the tracer collects being in the body.CiteThe functioning of the
APPROACH TO CARE FOR CANCER2organs and tissues and the manner they are functioning can be well determined with the PETscan (Heidenreich et al., 2014). The biopsy is helpful in diagnosis too. The procedure involvesthe removal of sample of tissue.A pathologist is able to determine the presence of cancerous cells in the tissue through amicroscopic view of the same. The biopsy can be performed through the needle or with the helpof surgery or endoscopy being conducted.Staging is a manner in which the size of cancer or to the extent it has spread can be welldetermined. In the diagnosis with the screening procedures or through the aids of biopsyconducted, doctors are able to determine the spread (Navani et al., 2015). The system of TNMtends to be effective in the analysis.While the abbreviation denotes Tumour, Node and Metastasis, the staging number from 1-4 areindicative in cancer.CiteThe stage one signifies the extent to a smaller region and relativelysmaller size.CiteThe stage two is bigger in size and extent as compared to stage one (Mottet etal., 2017, pp. 620). The stage two also remarks that the cancer cells have been spread into thevarious lymph nodes,which are closer to tumor.CiteA larger size is denoted from the stage three and this is when the spread takes place in theadjoining tissue (Navani et al., 2015). The last stage or stage four does indicate that another bodyorgan has been impacted due to cancer and the stage is also remarked as metastatic cancer orbeing secondary in nature.CiteComplication in Cancer
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