Asian and Asian American Studies.

Added on - 20 Sep 2019

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Asian and Asian American Studies1Asian and Asian American StudiesNameSubmitted toDate
Asian and Asian American Studies2
Asian and Asian American Studies3Table of ContentsEssay 1.............................................................................................................................................3Essay 2.............................................................................................................................................7Essay 3...........................................................................................................................................10Essay 4...........................................................................................................................................13References......................................................................................................................................19
Asian and Asian American Studies4Essay 1The Asian immigrant groups were first recruited as a labor force into Hawaii and Western U.S.in 1840 in WWII. The groups were seen to include Filipinos, Chinese and Japanese. The peoplefrom these groups were termed as “monkeys” and “goo-goos”. The challenges of AsianAmericans towards intense racism were seen due to various governmental actions and policiespost the Civil War. Prior to the war, the Asian Americans were seen to be present at the otherend of the immigrant hierarchy and therefore they were seen as unfit for American citizenship(and termed as the despised ‘pig-tailed coolie’), unassimilable aliens, yellow perils. Americanculture thought their culture to be entirely alien and foreign and therefore deemed them to beunsalvageably incompatible.It was seen that the blacks proved out to be highly useful due to cheap labor as slaves and othereconomic benefit, the next target were Asian immigrants who were exploited next. The Asianimmigrants were seen as a threat to the U.S. and were then accused of taking up the employmentopportunities from the American citizens. Therefore, they were denied the same rights as whites.They were forced to work and live under hazardous conditions at the transcontinental railroadsegments (Woo, D., 1994). Especially the Chinese immigrants were subjected to thediscrimination to the greatest extent with horrific racism by making them work at the degradedconditions under worst conditions. Under the case of economic threats, they were pushed out ofthe country, and business was aggravating to the racism. The Asian Americans were called asbarbarous, and heathens and filthy exactly like the African Americans were called. When thewhites witnessed their racial purity to be threatened by the Chinese people various laws weremade to make the interracial marriages (between whites and Asians, esp. Chinese) as illegal. The
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