Essay on Working with Communities

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Assessment 1: Essay: Working with CommunitiesPUBH6006: Community Health and Disease PreventionIntroductionNew statistics that highlight worrying growth in the prevalence of diabetes werepublished by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Data from the 9th edition IDF
Diabetes Atlas shows that there are 463 million adults with diabetes worldwide(International Diabetes Federation, 2019)The overall prevalence of diabetes reached 9.3%, with more than half (50.1%) ofundiagnosed adults, with type 2 diabetes being responsible for about 90% of all peoplewith diabetes(International Diabetes Federation, 2020)These results are important to show that a lot needs to be done to reduce the impact ofdiabetes. Evidence shows that type 2 diabetes can usually be avoided, although earlydiagnosis and accessibility to a propertreatment can prevent,reduce orpostponecomplications in individuals experiencing the disease.Additional relevant IDF 9th Edition Diabetes Atlas results include(International DiabetesFederation, 2019):- Diabetes is predicted to reach an estimated 578 million people by 2030, and 700 millionpeople by 2045.- There 374 million people with glucose resistance and theyare particularly vulnerable totype 2 diabetes.- Diabetes accounted for about $ 760 billion in healthcare spending in 2019.- Diabetes is one of the top 10 causes of mortality, with about half happening amongindividuals under the age of 60.- Approximately 16,666% of all live births are affectedby hyperglycaemia during thegestational period.Building a healthy foundation for type 2 diabetes management involves eating a healthydiet, being physically active, and not smoking.Due to the growing prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in the USA, thenational Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), or the "T2" programwas created in 2010and implemented in 2012 in order to engage individuals with prediabetes or at risk oftype 2 diabetes in accessiblelifestyle change initiatives thatcan reduce their risksandenhance their overall health.(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018).The aim of this study is to examine the related strategies and framework that is beingused for the development of the National DPP in the USA.Target population
Prediabetics and people who are at risk for either being type 2 diabeticare the targetpopulation for the DPP programme. Type 2 diabetes is often prevalent in older adults, butthe diagnosis in children and younger people has increased as a result of the growingnumber of obese people worldwide(Divers et al., 2020).Some of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes are: diabetes genetic history, unhealthyeating habits, lack of physical activity, obesity, ageing, high blood pressure, ethnicbackground, and glucose intolerance(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2020a).The World Health organization in their Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activityand Health Report(World Health Organization, 2004a)also highlights that the underlyingcauses of noncommunicable diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, respiratorydisorders, strokes, and diabetes, are nearly common for all countries where data arerelevant. Lifestyle risk factors that increase the risks of noncommunicable diseaseincludeincreased intake of high-dense, sugary, and salt-rich food, sedentary lifestyle,and tobacco consumption.As the risk factors for noncommunicable diseases frequently coexists(Gregg et al.,2019), public health interventions in a preventive approach for risk reductionyields manybenefits, allowing population to keep healthy in a long term, impacting positively in thenumber of interventions in high-risk individuals(World Health Organization, 2004b).Conceptual framework of community-based health promotionTheT2Program aimsto reducethe prevalence of diabetes throughpartnerships betweenthe public and private sectors in order to either preventing or delaying type 2 diabetes inthe US(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020d).The World Health Organization Global report on diabetes(World Health Organization,2016)gives a summary of diabetes preventionand interventions showing that basiclifestyle changes as a healthy diet and regular physical activity has proven to besuccessful in avoiding the development of type 2 diabetes, thereby reducing theincreasing global burden of overweight and obesity.The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)(Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, 2020d)developedthe lifestyle changing program to help reduce the risk oftype 2 diabetes and improve overall health. The program takes the guesswork out oflosing weight, eating better, and being more active. The participants learn new ways tostay healthy and sustain those changes over time, such as how to exercise when thencan’t go outside, and how to eat healthily even on busy days. When the participant joinsthe program, they get a full year of support from a trained lifestyle coach to help them to
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