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Case Study on Microcytic Hypochromic Anemia

   

Added on  2019-09-30

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ASSIGNMENT 2 – CASE STUDY 1 Assignment #2 – Case Study 1 1
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ASSIGNMENT 2 – CASE STUDY 1 Part AIntroductionConsidering the case of Ms. A who is twenty six years old and has been experiencing shortness of breath along with lack of enthusiasm and energy levels, it is significant to understand the cause (Africano et al., 2016; Varghese et al., 2018; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The symptoms prevalent in case of Ms. A turn worse at the time of her menses. Based on her condition of light headedness and been taken for an emergency, the lowered blood pressure accompanied with elevated respiratory rate and heart rate was observed (Africano et al., 2016; Varghese et al., 2018; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The various laboratory tests with the values of hematocrit along with hemoglobin and RBC smear are significant to note . Based on the circumstances, it can be deduced that Ms. A has Hypochromic Microcytic Anemia (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018). With the laboratory tests pertaining to Ms. A, the RBC smear has clearly shown microcytic cells and hypochromic cells too (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018). This anemia is associated with lack of blood cells impacting tissues. The symptoms are associated with fatigue and weakness coupled with shortness of breath. As Ms. A conditions are alike with the shortness of breath and low levels of energy and enthusiasm. While playing golf, Ms. A. became light headed. In microcytic hypochromic anemia, the body has lower levels of red blood cells (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; 2
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ASSIGNMENT 2 – CASE STUDY 1 Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The normalcy in the blood cells does not persist as they are small and pale. The symptoms for microcytic hypochromic anemia are closely associated to dizziness. In Ms. A’s case, the symptoms of increased shortness of breath and fatigue are more during her menses. The most common cause pertaining to this anemia is iron deficiency levels in blood (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney& Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The iron deficiency is a resultant of heavy periods takingplace in women. As Ms. A has been experiencing the same and also has problems related to Menorrhagia and dysmenorrheal, the iron deficiency pertains. In microcytic hypochromic anemia the red blood cells would have lesser hemoglobin levels than the normal (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). Ms. A has a hemoglobin level of 8 g/dl. This is far less than the normal range which should hover between 12 g/dl to 15 g/dl. The microcytic hypochromic anemia is caused due to significant factor linked to the reductionof iron store in body. The reduced storage of iron does lead to halting the production of hemoglobin chains in body. Considering the state of hematocrit too, being 32% in case of Ms. A, the reading denotes that it isfar too less than the normal range (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The normal range of hematocrit present in an adult woman should lie in the range of 38% to 46%. The hematocrit being measured gives an evaluation of hemoglobin concentration (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney3
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