Case Study on Shortness of breath | Assignment

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ASSIGNMENT 2 – CASE STUDY 1Assignment #2 – Case Study 11
ASSIGNMENT 2 – CASE STUDY 1Part AIntroductionConsidering the case of Ms. A who is twenty six years old and has been experiencing shortnessof breath along with lack of enthusiasm and energy levels, it is significant to understand thecause (Africano et al., 2016; Varghese et al., 2018; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla,2018). The symptoms prevalent in case of Ms. A turn worse at the time of her menses. Based onher condition of light headedness and been taken for an emergency, the lowered blood pressureaccompanied with elevated respiratory rate and heart rate was observed (Africano et al., 2016;Varghese et al., 2018; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The various laboratorytests with the values of hematocrit along with hemoglobin and RBC smear are significant tonote .Based on the circumstances, it can be deduced that Ms. A has Hypochromic Microcytic Anemia(Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018). With the laboratory testspertaining to Ms. A, the RBC smear has clearly shown microcytic cells and hypochromic cellstoo (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018). This anemia is associatedwith lack of blood cells impacting tissues. The symptoms are associated with fatigue andweakness coupled with shortness of breath.As Ms. A conditions are alike with the shortness of breath and low levels of energy andenthusiasm. While playing golf, Ms. A. became light headed. In microcytic hypochromicanemia, the body has lower levels of red blood cells (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015;2
ASSIGNMENT 2 – CASE STUDY 1Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur &Singla, 2018). The normalcy in the blood cells does not persist as they are small and pale.The symptoms for microcytic hypochromic anemia are closely associated to dizziness. In Ms.A’s case, the symptoms of increased shortness of breath and fatigue are more during her menses.The most common cause pertaining to this anemia is iron deficiency levels in blood (Khan et al.,2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney& Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). The iron deficiency is a resultant of heavy periods takingplace in women. As Ms. A has been experiencing the same and also has problems related toMenorrhagia and dysmenorrheal, the iron deficiency pertains.In microcytic hypochromic anemia the red blood cells would have lesser hemoglobin levels thanthe normal (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017;Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). Ms. A has a hemoglobinlevel of 8 g/dl. This is far less than the normal range which should hover between 12 g/dl to 15 g/dl. The microcytic hypochromic anemia is caused due to significant factor linked to the reductionof iron store in body.The reduced storage of iron does lead to halting the production of hemoglobin chains in body.Considering the state of hematocrit too, being 32% in case of Ms. A, the reading denotes that it isfar too less than the normal range (Khan et al., 2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al.,2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney & Bhagra, 2018; Kaur & Singla, 2018). Thenormal range of hematocrit present in an adult woman should lie in the range of 38% to 46%.The hematocrit being measured gives an evaluation of hemoglobin concentration (Khan et al.,2017; Urrechaga et al., 2015; Varghese et al., 2018; Ge et al., 2017; Karakaş et al., 2015; Tierney3
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