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patient management system in IBM PDF

Added on - 25 Jan 2022

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Assignment 2
1.Watch:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cs6rVt8kAuo
DiscussandreportwhatyouhavelearnedbasedonourdiscussioninMicrosoft
Teams
Therehavebeenalotofnewsubspecialtiesemergedintheworldtodayasthe
medicalknowledgeandtechnologybecomeadvanceddaybyday.Thiscallsfora
quick,preciseandconciseprocesseitherfordiagnosticortherapeuticforpatient
managementsystemwhichwasinspiredfromtheinceptionofaprogramknownas
IBMWatsonthatmadeitsdebutintheJeopardy!show,defeatingtwotopcontestants
in2011.Theshowfeaturedtheexecutionofnaturallanguageprocessing(Miller,
2013).TheIBMscientists’notiontoexpandtheapplicationofIBMWatsonwas
dubbedbythestakeholdersas“promising”and“thefutureofmedicine”duetohuman
errorlimitationcausedbythephysiciansthemselves.Forexample,aneurologistis
unabletodiagnosegynaecologicalproblems,viceversa.
Forthepastdecade,theIBMWatsonhasshownimpressiveseriesofprogressand
development,forinstancethescientificdiscoveryforamyotrophiclateralsclerosis
(ALS)whichdoesnothaveeffectivetreatmentbutthediagnosecanbeaccelerated
usingthisprogramintermsofidentifyingadditionalRNA-bindingproteins(RBPs)
alteredintheALS(Bakkaretal.,2018).Itisalsonotgeographicalbias,forexample
thetherapeuticoptionthattheIBMWatsonforOncology(WfO)suggestsforbreast,
lungandcolorectalcancer.Itotherwords,althoughitwasdevelopedintheUnited
States,theresultscanbefairlycomparedwithotheroncologists’recommended
optionsacrosstheglobe(Suwanvechoetal.,2021).
Onthecontrary,thisprogramisnotwithoutdrawbacks.First,likeanyother
businesses,profitabilityisthemainconcern.Alotofmoneyhadalreadybeenspent
onpartnershipandtheacquisitionofexpertcompaniesforresearchanddevelopment
suchasMergeHealthcareandTruvenHealthAnalytics(Vespoli,2021).Following
this,interestedpartiesbeganeyingonIBMWatson’sstrengthsandsettingunrealistic
expectations.However,allthehypeseventuallytookatollontheIBMWatson’s
abilitytofulfiltheexpectations.
Second,thescientistsdidnotproperlyunderstandtheprerequisiteofthecore
automationprocessinwhichnotallelementsmustbeautomatedatthefirstplace.
Thisisbecauseahumanbeingcanperformbettertasksthatinvolveemotions.Inthis
case,apatient’sperspectiveswerenotstronglyconsideredbythescientists.Frommy
ownpersonalexperienceduringmedicalschool,myclinicallecturersalways
emphasizeontheimportanceofactually“treatingthepatients”ratherthan“treatinga
diseaseandthesymptoms”.Inmyopinion,acommitteeortaskforceshouldbe
establishedtocarefullyevaluatethismattertoeliminateanyearlyproblemsoccurred.
Otherthanthat,thethirdfactorleadingtotheprogram’sfailurewasbecauseofno
involvementfromacapablethirdpartyduringmachinelearningprocessasaresultof
theabsenceofopen-sourceplatforms.Thishappenedwhenthebusinessrefusedto
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