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Unit 7 Business Strategy

Added on - 25 Jan 2022

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Assignment Brief
BTEC Level 4-5 HNC/HND Diploma (QCF)
To be filled by the Student
Name of the Student: M. FAHAD RAHIM
Edexcel No JD63261:Registration No:COL/E-001780Batch No:46
Unit Assessment Information
Qualification:Higher National Diploma in Business Management
Unit Code & Title: Unit 7 Business Strategy
Assessment Title & No’s: Business Strategy (Assignment 1 of 1)
Learning outcomes and grading opportunities:
LO 01:Understand the process of strategic planning
Learning OutcomesAC1.1AC1.2AC1.3
LO 02:Be able to formulate a new strategy
Learning OutcomesAC2.1AC2.2AC2.3AC2.4
LO 03:Understand approaches to strategy evaluation
Learning OutcomesAC3.1AC3.2
LO 04:Understand how to implement a chosen strategy
Learning OutcomesAC4.1AC4.2AC4.3
Merit and Distinction Descriptor
M1.1M2.4M3.4D1.1D2.2D3.4
Assessor:Date Assessed:
Internal Verifier (IV):Date of IV:
Date Issued:12/29/16Date Due:30/04/2017
Date of Submission: 20/05/2017
General Guidelines
1.A Cover page or title page – You should always attach a title page to your assignment. Use
previous page as your cover sheet and be sure to fill the details correctly.
2.This entire brief should be attached in first before you start answering.
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5.Allow 1” margin on each side of the paper. But on the left side you will need to leave room for
binging.
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Softcopy (CD) of your final document, system on last page.
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and should be in the style of Time New Roman.
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4.Use footer function on the word processor to insert Your Name, Subject, Assignment No, and
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Important Points:
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3.Don’t leave things such as printing to the last minute – excuses of this nature will not be accepted
for failure to hand in the work on time.
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5.If you are unable to hand in your assignment on time and have valid reasons such as illness, you
may apply (in writing) for an extension.
6.Failure to achieve at least a PASS grade will result in a REFERRAL grade being given.
7.Non-submission of work without valid reasons will lead to an automatic REFERRAL.You will
then be asked to complete an alternative assignment.
8.Take great care that if you use other people’s work or ideas in your assignment, you properly
reference them, using the HARVARD referencing system, in you text and any bibliography,
otherwise you may be guilty of plagiarism.
9.If you are caught plagiarising you could have your grade reduced to A REFERRAL or at worst
you could be excluded from the course.
I hereby, declare that I know what plagiarism entails, namely to use another’s work and to present it as
my own without attributing the sources in the correct way. I further understand what it means to copy
another’s work.
1.I know that plagiarism is a punishable offence because it constitutes theft.
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2.I understand the plagiarism and copying policy of the Edexcel UK.
3.I know what the consequences will be if I plagiaries or copy another’s work in any of the
assignments for this program.
4.I declare therefore that all work presented by me for every aspects of my program, will be my
own, and where I have made use of another’s work, I will attribute the source in the correct way.
5.I acknowledge that the attachment of this document signed or not, constitutes a binding
agreement between myself and Edexcel UK.
6.I understand that my assignment will not be considered as submitted if this document is not
attached to the attached.
Student’s Signature: ...(FAHAD RAHIM)......Date:....20/05/2017......
Assignment Feedback
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Formative Feedback: Assessor to Student
Action Plan
Summative feedback
iv
Feedback: Student to Assessor
Assessor signatureDate
Student signatureFAHAD RAHIMDate
Business Strategy Case Study
Making eBay work
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Source (An article of Jill Shepherd, Segal Graduate School of Business and Simon Fraser,
University of Canada)
(http://www.ebay.com/)
In 2013, there were more than 250 million eBayers worldwide. For around 1million people, eBay
was their primary source of income. A survivor of the dot.com bust of the late 1990’s, eBay
represents a new business model courtesy of the internet.
eBay’s Business Model
Value in eBay is created by providing a virtual worldwide market for buyers and sellers and
collecting a tax on transactions as they happen. The business model eBay relies on its customers
being the organization’s product development team, sales and marketing force, merchandising
department and the security department.
According to eBay managers, of key importance is listening to customers: keeping up with what
they want to sell, buy and how they want to do it. If customers speak, eBay listens. Technology
allowseverymoveofeverypotentialcustomertobetraced,yieldingrichinformation.
Conventional companies might spend big money on getting to know their customers and
persuading them to provide feedback. For eBay such feedback is often free and offered without
the need for enticement.
eBay organizes voice of the customer groups which involve flying in a new group of about 10
sellers and buyers from around the country to its offices every few months to discuss the
company in depth. Teleconferences are held for new features and policies, however small a
change they involve.
Even workshops and classes are held to teach people how to make the most of the site.
Participants tend to double their sales after that. Others run their own websites to offering
advices on how to sell on eBay.
The company is governed from both outside and within. The eBay system has a source of
automatic control in the form of buyers and sellers rating each other on each transaction, creating
rules and norms. Both buyers and sellers build up reputation which are valuable, in return
encouraging further good behavior in themselves and others. Sales of illegal products are dealt
with by withdrawing what is on sale and invariably banning the seller.
eBay’s Management
Meg Whiteman’s, the CEO and president since 1998, style of management and past have heavily
influenced the management of eBay. With Meg’s experience as an ex- consultant, many major
roles in the senior managements including the head of the US business, head of international
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operations and vice president of consumer marketing in Proctor and Gamble, the eBay turned out
their operations in to data and metric driven. According to Meg, a business should be measured
unless you cannot control it.
Unlike a FMCG company, category managers in eBay can only indirectly control their products.
They have no stock to reorder once levels of goods run low. They provide tools to buy and sell
moreeffectively.Those willbe differentmarketingand merchandisingschemessuchas
enhancing the presentation of their users’ products and giving them tools to buy and sell better.
Overandabovethisunusualexistence,theworkenvironmentcanbetoughandultra-
competitive, say ex eBayers.Changes often come only after PowerPoint slides are exchanged
and refined at a low level, eventually presented at a senior level and after the change has been
approved in a sign-off procedure which includes every department.
In time eBay has upgraded its ability to ensure the technology does not rule. Until the late 1990s,
the site was plagued with outages, including one in 1999 which shut the site down for 22 hours
courtesy of software problems and no backup systems.
Former Gateway Inc. Chief Information Officer Maynard Webb, who joined as president of
eBay’s technology unit, quickly took action to upgrade the systems and it is being continuously
upgraded.
In 2005, Chris Corrida was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer. He is
one of the leading technology platform experts in the corporate world.
After noticing a few car sales, eBay created a separate site called eBay motors in 1999, with
special features such as vehicle inspections and shipping. Some four years later, eBay expects to
gross some $1 billion worth of auto parts, many of which are sold by professional dealers.
Competition and Cooperation
As the internet, has become a more competitive arena eBay has not stood still. In 2005, it bought
Skype, the internet telephony organization surrounded by much debate in the press as the logic of
the $2.6 billion deal. With Skype, eBay argues it can create an unparalleled e-commerce engine
pointing to the 2002 purchase of online payment system PayPal, which spurred on the business at
that time.
In 2006, it also announced a deal with Google. eBay is one of Google’s biggest advert
customers. This deal was after eBay signed an advertising deal with Yahoo, which made some
think eBay was teaming up with Yahoo! against Google’s dominance. But in the interconnected
world, competition and cooperation is a new game.
eBay also formed a partnership between BaiduInc, a Chinese web portal bought by eBay in 2002
and eBay Eachnet. Baidu promotes PayPal Beibao as the preferred payment method on Baidu
whilst Eachnet uses Baidu as its exclusive search provider. The development of a co-branded
toolbar is set to cement the partnership. The West Yahoo! And eBay are partnering against
Google, but the East Yahoo! Is a rival.
Despite eBay being the internet auction phenomenon, it does not do as well in the East as the
West. It pulled out of Japan, is suffering in Taiwan and lags behind a rival in China. In Korea,
vii
GMarket, partly owned by Yahoo! Is more or less equal in size to eBay’s internet Auction.
GMarket offers less emphasis on open auctions than eBay, although eBay now does have eBay
Express where new products from multiple sellers can be purchased in one transaction backed as
ever by customer support including live chat.
Innovative marketing that makes the experience fun for shoppers and help sellers improve their
performance is perhaps another way GMarket differentiates itself from eBay. GMarket has itself
attracted imitators.
In 2006, eBay created eBayWiki hosted by Jotsppot, along with eBay blogs. Alibaba.com is one
of the e-commerce giants in China and this has been a very tough rivalry to eBay. Recently they
are going to launch a new American shopping website to rival to eBay.Alibaba operates China's
most popular online shopping platform, Taobao, which is estimated to hold more than 90 percent
of the online market for consumer-to-consumer transactions.
Task 01(Covers LO 01 and AC 1.1, 1.2, 1.3)
1.1Assess how business missions, visions, objectives, goals and core competencies of eBay
explain its strategic planning process.(AC 1.1)
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