Added on - 15 May 2020
Running head: PSYCHOPATHOLOGYPsychopathologyName of the student:Name of the University:Author’s note
1PSYCHOPATHOLOGYNarration (Slide 1: Introduction):With this presentation, I aim to make the audience aware about the issues faced by peoplewith schizophrenia and the reason for the importance of psychosocial interventions for personwith a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder associated withcognitive, emotional, psychosocial and occupational disruption in patients (Frith 2014). Thedisease has a huge impact on the everyday life of patients and their work life and social life isserious affected by negative symptoms of the disease. Due to increase in unusual thoughts andconcentration problem, work performance is affected and social relationship is also hampered(Saperstein and Medalia 2015). Hence, the main goal of all forms of treatment for schizophreniapatient is to help patients return back to normal functioning.Narration (Slide 2:Current approach to psychosocial intervention for schizophreniapatient):Anti-psychotic medications are the cornerstone of schizophrenia treatment, however sideeffects of medication and adherence to medication is a major issue with this treatment choice(Haddad, Brain and Scott 2014). I would like to make all aware that challenges in managementof schizophrenia patient are also seen due to presence of cognitive defects, remission rates andserious adverse effects in patients. Although psychological interventions are the main treatmentoption for such patients, however psychosocial intervention is increasingly gaining attentionbecause of its ability for long term care and scope of providing support in social and daily lifeskills to schizophrenia patient (Chien et al. 2013). We will move further with the presentation toshow different types of psychosocial intervention available to patients and their value for targetpatient group.
2PSYCHOPATHOLOGYMany recent evidences have proved that psychosocial interventions are often combinedwith usual medication to reduce psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia patient and improvepatient’s recovery process. The five main approaches to psychosocial intervention has beenshown in this slide. Each of these approaches has different set of goals and treatment agenda forthe recovery of patients with schizophrenia. I will give you a short review and benefits of each ofthe intervention which are as follows:1.Cognitive therapy is a structured therapy to support patients to cope with their psychoticproblems and reevaluate their thoughts. There might be difference in duration and sessionof therapy, however it is found beneficial in improving psychotic symptoms in patientscompared with other standard therapy (Jauhar et al. 2014).2.The main aim of psycho-education programs for schizophrenia patient is to engage incommunication with patient to understand their burden of managing the disease andprovide vital information to patients about the disease and coping skills to effectivelymanage the disease. Such programs has yielded many positive effect in patient such asincrease in medication compliance, preventing relapse and better awareness about theillness (Sauvanaud et al. 2017).3.Family based intervention mainly aims to address distress in patient with schizophreniaand their family members and it emphasizes on skill acquisition component. This kind ofpsychosocial intervention is important to improve family dynamics associated during thecourse of illness (Chien et al. 2013).4.Social skills training support people with schizophrenia to achieve social competence inthe area of symptom management, workplace social skills, interpersonal andcommunication skills (Chien et al. 2013).