Assignment on Nursing Epidemiology
Added on - 21 Apr 2020
Running head: NURSING EPIDEMIOLOGYNursing epidemiologyName of the student:Name of the University:Author’s note
1NURSING EPIDEMIOLOGYAnswer 1-A change in surveillance that would overestimate the likelihood of an outbreakAnswer 2-Outbreak investigationAnswer 3-Active surveillance- 3) Ebola, Enterovirus and foodborne infectionPassive surveillance- 2) Rabies, Cholera, STI, measles and lyme diseaseChronic condition- 4) Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, kidney diseaseAcute illness/injury: 1) Sexually transmitted infections, measles and fluAnswer 4:TrueAnswer 5:FalseAnswer 6:FalseAnswer 7:Sentinel surveillance systemAnswer 8:Change in policy for reporting, FDA approval of a new diagnostic laboratory test andtrue increase in incidenceAnswer 9:It should be appropriately investigated by the CDCAnswer 10:TrueAnswer 11:25/80Answer 12:The hypothesized exposure or riskAnswer 13:Confirm the diagnosis
2NURSING EPIDEMIOLOGYAnswer 14:After establishing the existence of an outbreakAnswer 15:Discover ways to prevent further spread of the diseaseAnswer 16:vehicleAnswer 17: FalseAnswer 18:Perform a case control study in which the cases are the guest who ate salmonmousse and the controls are those who did notAnswer 19:Cross-sectional studyAnswer 20:To guide public health policy for disease controlAnswer 21:Etiology and progression of TB:Tuberculosis is an infectious disease condition cause by the bacteriumMycobacteriumtuberculosisresulting in symptoms like fever, weight loss, fatigue and night sweats. It mainlyaffects the lungs leading to chest pain and prolonged cough with sputum. The disease istransmitted when people with active TB cough, sneeze or speak and expels infected aerosoldroplets in air. Close contact and family members of patients are at high risk of being infected.However, the chances of transmission also depends on infectious droplets expelled, virulent ofthe bacterial strain, duration of exposure and the level of immunity of the person (Grandjeanetal. 2015). There are certain other condition behind the etiology of TB. For example, tuberculosisbacteria survices mainly in dark areas, air droplets or surface of any object. Hence, chances ofTB infection is high in crowded areas, areas with high population density and people living inclose places. Alcoholism and malnutrition also promotes transmission of the disease and risk ofinfection (Imtiaz et al. 2017).