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Assignment on Critical Appraisal

Added on - 22 Jul 2020

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CRITICAL APPRAISAL
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1AIM..................................................................................................................................................1OBJECTIVES..................................................................................................................................1RATIONALES................................................................................................................................1RESEARCH METHODOLOGY....................................................................................................2Research design...........................................................................................................................2Data collection.............................................................................................................................3Construction of secondary research design.................................................................................4Sample.........................................................................................................................................4Procedure.....................................................................................................................................5Plan for data analysis...................................................................................................................5Literature review..............................................................................................................................8Different perspectives of Men.....................................................................................................9How gender was perceived in early years.................................................................................12CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS (700).................................................................14REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................16
INTRODUCTIONGender was one of the important factor early years in the society. Before a child takebirth their parents and relatives often knowing whether it is male or female. Traditionally peoplewanted that boy take birth in their family so that individual can rule their family. Earlierpopulation were not that much educated thus their behaviour for male and female was verydifferent (Sharpe, 2016). This gender gap influence other people and they started thinkingconservative. In the early years parents were giving education to their male child and theyignored educational site of female kid. That has made society male dominated where malepersons was able to rule and even women were forced to agree decision. They were not able totake any decision for their own self (Meskill, 2017). Facts and figures show that in the earlyyears in every field there were maximum phallic person working such as in hospitals mendoctors were working, in educational line there were only men teachers etc (Falkstedt and et.al,2014). They rule the society and influence others as well. If they do not like any policy orprocedure then other female persons and children have to agree their decision, even they alsosaid that decision of men is always right (Rotz, 2016).In the early years young children was getting more benefits if they are male. On otherhand girl child was not getting that much facilities in that time duration. If they are male memberof the family then their parents and other family members give them more love and give themfreedom to complete their studied (Sharpe, 2016). That was the main benefit for them. On otherhand girl children have to get engaged in household work because they were not getting thatmuch priorities to complete their education and get benefit too. In the early years people werethinking that young male children is able to protect the family and individual is the earningmembers of the family. That is why they were getting more benefits so that in future they cantake care of their families (Meskill, 2017). On other hand it was the thinking of older people thatgirls have to go to their groom family after marriage so they were not getting that muchadvantage as male younger children were getting.Gender difference is the major problem inmost of the countries. There are many places where people are giving more priorities to male ascompare to female. In early years only men were allowed to do jobs and communicate in society.Ladies were not getting permission to work in such environment. That is why most of thefamilies do not allow their female children to go outside of the family to work. But there were1
many male persons those who were working in the market and give their full support to girls sothat they can also grow well (Sambataro and et.al, 2015).In the present study influences of men working in the early years will be explored. It willexplain men as role model in the previous time duration. It will identify different perspectives ofmen and how it influences other (Jackson and et.al, 2016). Furthermore, study will developunderstanding related to how gender was perceived at that time duration.AIM“To determine the benefits for young children of having male members of staff in early year’ssettings”.OBJECTIVESTo explain men as role model in the early years.To identify benefits for young children of having male members of staff in early year’ssettingsTo understand impact of having male members of staff in early year's setting on youngchildren.RATIONALESIn the early years gender difference was the major problem and was influencing the othersociety members to great extent.Due to men dominated society female children were not able tounderstand their own importance and male young children were getting more benefits (Marcus,2015).The main reason of conducting this investigation is to understand the extent to which menworking was influencing the others in early years. Feminine gender were not getting job in anyfield because people were thinking that girls are unable to perform and boys can work beyondtheir capacity. That is why in the early yeas there were many regions where literacy ratio of menwas much higher as compare to female population. Such type of thinking was influencing othersas well and coming generation was suffering from the illiteracy and many capable children wereunable to make their career (Orange, Atwood and Stolorow, 2015). Education is the majorconcern that influence the mind of the people. In the early year female were not gettingopportunity to complete their studies.Whereas young male children were forced to completetheir education because they were considered as earning member of the family. Thus they weregetting benefit of completing higher education.That is why they had to follow instruction of2
men person of their family. The main reason of conducting this investigation is to analysis thesituation of girls in the ancient time duration (Gabaccia, 2013).One of the major issue was in the early year was that female was not getting permissionof doing their job. This issue has been resolved when men working started supporting thefeminine gender then them start getting opportunities (Rönkä and et.al, 2017). Through thisinvestigation development of female and influence of men working will be examine in the study.RESEARCH METHODOLOGYResearch methodology can be defined as instrument through which scholar can conductthe study in effective manner (Wang and et.al, 2013). It is the technique that helps researcher indeveloping understanding about the topic by collecting necessary information about it. So thatindividual can analysis the situation and can draw valid conclusion. Several tools and techniquesare involved in this method that supports investigator in carrying out the investigation in rightdirection and getting optimistic results (Farré and Vella, 2013). This chapter can supportresearcher in identifying the research problem and collecting relevant information so that theseissues can be overcome. Influence of men working in the early year is the vast topic, for that it isessential to gather relevant information so that actual problems of ancient time duration can beanalysed (Quataert, 2015). For conducting the research in effective manner scholar has to gowith appropriate techniques so that it can find valid the results (Corak, 2013). Selection ofappropriate tool and technique is very important in the research project, without it individual willnot be able analysis details effectively. For exploring the influence of men working in early yearsit is essential to use secondary data and analyses it effectively. For that scholar used the samemethod and has conducted the investigation in appropriate manner (Tayama, Li and Munakata,2016).Research designIt can be described as plan of conducting the study and way of answering the researchquestions. It is the outline of investigation through which researcher get to know the way of datacollection, use of instruments etc. This tool supports scholar in collecting information andanalysing them in order to get results (Lundgren and et.al, 2013). Descriptive, exploratory andexperimental research design are three main types of this instrument. In the exploratory designresearcher has to explore the questions in order to reach to the conclusion. Furthermore,experimental design is used in such studies where scholar is required to make changes frequently3
in order to get right results (Nicolson, 2015). Descriptive research design is another type oftechnique in which theoretical analysis is being done. It is used in such places where theorybased researches are conducted by the investigator (Owen-Pugh,and Baines, 2014).In the present study on influence of men working in early year, scholar has taken supportof descriptive research design. It is the best suitable for the current investigation becauseindividual can describe phenomenon more effectively (Calixto and Anaya, 2014). One of themain advantage of using this method is that it analysis the non-quantified topic and issues moreeffectively. There is high possibility of observing the problems completely and it is unchanged(Wajcman, 2013). Though, there is major disadvantage that descriptive design cannot measurestatistically problems. There are chances of getting bias results because of absence of someauthentic statistical tests. But as this study is qualitative thus descriptive research design is thebest suitable and through which individual become able to get optimistic results about influenceof men working in early years (Baldwin and Johnson, 2016).Data collectionData collection is one of the essential part of research methodology, it assists indeveloping better understanding about topic by collecting relevant information about the same. Itis essential that information that has been gathered are realistic and factual (Bericat, 2016). In thepresence of faulty detail researcher will fail to answer research problems and individual will notbe able to get optimistic results (Owen-Pugh,and Baines, 2014). Primary and secondary are twomain methods of data collection. Selection of appropriate tool depends upon type of investigationor nature of study. Primary data collection includes interview, survey, questionnaire etc. Whereasin the secondary source individual takes support if already available information such as books,journals, internet articles etc. in order to get relevant detail about subject matter. Both these areappropriate tools and support in gathering in-depth information about subject matter (Farré andVella, 2013). Primary sources are generally used in such places where individual can gather alldetail, related to topic by asking few questions or involving few persons in the investigation. Butinfluence of men working is the vast topic and in early years what was perception of societymember and how they were reacting to gender, for identifying that factor individual had to usesecondary sources so that relevant information about early years can be gathered by the scholar(Justman and Méndez, 2016).4
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