(solved) Assignment on Ebola Virus

Added on - 22 Jul 2020

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Ebola epidemic of West Africa
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1Causative Agent...............................................................................................................................1Outbreak Distribution Map : 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa................................................2Geographic features....................................................................................................................2Biowarfare agent of Ebola...............................................................................................................3Conclusive criteria......................................................................................................................3Non Conclusive Criteria.............................................................................................................3CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONEbola virus disease (EVD) is considered as a viral haemorrhagic fever in case of humansalong with various primates that are being cause by the virus of Ebola. In this, a virus contactsthe body and within two to three days, the person starts feeling various symptoms of it such assore throat, fever etc. After these symptoms, the person starts having vomiting. Along with it, thekidney and liver of the person attacked by the virus of Ebola, starts getting affected as in variouscases, the person feels dis functionality of their liver as well as kidneys (Du Toit, 2014). Also,the person starts bleeding from the internal as well as external. The disease can be spread byvarious means as through the means of air, from breast milk of the mother suffering from Ebolaetc. So, these factors can be concerned with proper safety measures so as to prevent the personfrom the virus of Ebola.The virus of Ebola can be transmitted within humans by making a direct contact with theother person. The transmission of the virus cannot be done airborne. Also, through the means ofinfectious fluids such as in some case the person already suffering from Ebola bleeds or byconsuming the milk of the mother who is already suffering from Ebola. So, by these meansEbola can be transmitted from one person to another. Some risk factors of its transmission alsoinvolves tears and the saliva of a person. There is a small possibility that the Ebola virus can bedeliberately spread among humans (Team, 2015). For this, an assessment can be made on thebasis of Grunow and Finke criteria as it can help in analysing whether the Ebola outbreak thatwas happened in West Africa in 2014 was natural or it has been deliberately started by anyexternal body. A set of criteria's are been included in the Grunow and Finke model which canprovide a better assessment of the factors, which further help in analysing whether the spread ofdisease in West Africa was natural or not. The report is about assessing whether the Ebolaepidemic in West Africa in the year 2014 has been natural or intentional.Causative AgentThe virus of Ebola comes from a family of filoviridae and the causative agent for Ebola isconsidered as the mononegavirales. It is considered as much fatal that it can cause loss of bloodin the body of a person and to that extent that there can be possibility of the failure of some organas well. In such cases, these organs can be kept active with the help of intravenous liquids,transfusion of blood etc.1
Outbreak Distribution Map : 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West AfricaGeographic features(Source : 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. 2016)(Source : 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. 2016)2Illustration1: Total Cases of EbolaIllustration2: Days since last cases
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