Assignment on Hypertension PDF

Added on - 21 Feb 2021

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PREVALENCE AND CLINICO-PARAMETERS OF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEPAPNEA AMONG HYPERTENSIVE ANDDIABETIC PATIENTS IN XYZ HOSPITAL INNIGERIA
Table of ContentsChapter 2: Literature Review...........................................................................................................12.1 Hypertension.....................................................................................................................12.2 Diabetic Mellitus..............................................................................................................12.3 Obstructive Sleep Apnea..................................................................................................22.3.1 Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Hypertensives...................................................................32.4 Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Diabetics..............................................................................32.4.1 Factors associated with Obstructive sleep Apnea in Hypertensives and diabetics.......4Chapter 3: Proposed Methodology..................................................................................................53.1 Study Area........................................................................................................................53.2 Study Design....................................................................................................................63.3 Data analysis.....................................................................................................................6REFERENCES................................................................................................................................8
Chapter 2: Literature Review2.1 HypertensionAccording to Adeloye and et. al. (2014), it has been analysed that Hypertension refers tobe a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in Nigeria and Africa. This disease is considered asa major risk factor for stroke and heart-issues, peripheral arterial disease, vision loss, chronickidney disease etc., that sometime lead to death of patient as well (An estimate of the prevalenceof hypertension in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analysis,2015). Hypertension which isalso known as high-blood pressure mainly affects older-age people. It is a long-term medicalconditions whose symptoms cannot be detected earlier(Adeniyi and et. al., 2015). As per viewsof William and et. al. (2017), it has been estimated that in Nigeria, which is most populatedregion of Africa, Hypertension accounting for more than 52.5% of all strokes as compared withother reason (Prevalence, awareness, and associated risk factors of hypertension in older adultsin Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol,2017). According to World HealthOrganization (WHO), African Region possess the highest age-standardized prevalence in theworld of adult hypertension, where mean BP levels (blood pressure) in black people increasedsignificantly from the last years(Onyenekwu, Dada and Babatunde, 2017). The reason behindthis is lack of knowledge about causes and risk associated with this disease among Nigerians andother Africans. For this purpose, appropriate interventions are needed to be developed, forreducing the preventable burden of hypertension at hospitals, especially at Primary Health CareCentres, because more than 55% of the Nigerian population, in case of emergency, call suchcentres first(Akanbi and et. al., 2017). As per estimation, older people have possessed higherlevels of hypertension and blood pressure. For this purpose, researches have reviewed the pooledprevalence of this disease, which states that adults of above 65 years, are suffering 2.5 timesmore than others by hypertension(Chinedu and Nicholas, 2015). These people also suffer fromother health issues due to hypertension that includes cognitive impairment, obesity and diabetes.2.2 Diabetic MellitusDiabetic Mellitus (DM) is the Type 2 diabetes which is chronic and debilitating diseaseand mainly characterised by impaired insulin secretion, insulin resistance and hyperglycemia(Danmusa and et. al., 2016). It causes in old-age generally, but can causes by genetically also i.e.from parents to their offerings, as well as people having obesity-related problems. According to1
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