Assignment on Organizational Behavior

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head: ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURName of the student:Name of the university:Author note:
1ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURContentsIntroduction:....................................................................................................................................2Design of jobs:.................................................................................................................................3Working conditions:........................................................................................................................5Setting of goals:...............................................................................................................................6Motivation and rewards:..................................................................................................................8Conclusion:......................................................................................................................................9References:....................................................................................................................................10
2ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURIntroduction:Employee and workplace productivity are interconnected terms. Managers play animportant function in maintaining the enthusiasm of employees in ways that result in producingthe highest productivity. Often it is seen that different types of factors may induce job stressamong the different employees. The development of job stress often affects the productivity forwhich organizational goals are either not met, or the results are delayed (Davis et al. 2014).Therefore, it becomes extremely important for the managers to identify the factors that which areresponsible for developing job stress among the different employees. They should thenimplement proper interventions that would help the employees to overcome the various issuesthat are faced by them. Therefore, they will be able to concentrate and enjoy their work. Theirmotivation would help them to increase the productivity, and hence the organization will receivesuccess. Some of the proper managerial interventions that managers can take are maintaining aworkplace climate where all cultures will be equally respected and cared . The managers can alsoimprove employability skills by proper training and encourage autonomy by micromanaging.Moreover clear communication, boosting productivity by encouraging self-care are some of theinitiatives they can take that will make the employees feel loved and cared for (Tims and Bakker2014). This, in turn, assures greater productivity. The present study will show how certainimportant factors like design jobs, proper working conditions, setting goals, motivation andrewards affect productivity. It will also suggest how managers can take active roles and help inproviding productivity.
3ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURDesign of jobs:Job design can be defined as the procedure of putting together various elements that helpin forming a job at the same time keeping in mind the various organizational and individualworker requirements. The job design should be done in such a way that it should also containproper considerations of health, safety and different ergonomics. Researchers define this aspectas the particular way by which a task is set, or an entire position of an employee is developed(Roos and Shroff 2017). The managers should take an active part in developing a proper jobdesign, which aligns with the skills and knowledge of the employees.The managers first try to understand the working preferences of the employees and theactivities that they are comfortable within the organization. The mangers should try to developthe idea what tasks are to be done, when and how the tasks are to be done and how many tasksthe employees should do. The managers should also ensure that in which order the tasks need tobe done and what factors affect the work. The managers should also ensure proper organizationof the content as well as the tasks so that there remains a proper clarity in what is expected fromthe employees and what needs to be done. Researchers are of the opinion that good job designhelps employees to properly understand the relationship of their responsibilities and duties withthat of the organizational goals and values (Truss et al. 2014). Therefore, it becomes veryimportant for the employees to align and thereby prioritize with the job responsibilities properly.The managers should allow the input of the employees. Employees should be given theoption to choose activities according to their personal needs, work habits and the circumstancesin the workplace. Moreover, they should also give the employees to develop a sense of
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