Social Problem of UK - Essay

Added on - 21 Feb 2021

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SOCIAL PROBLEM
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................3CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................10REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
INTRODUCTIONThe present essay will deal with a social problem of UK. Any issue becomes a socialproblem when it affects the whole society. The topic of social problem discussed in the presentessay is poverty whose sub topic chosen is homelessness. This topic is taken from the bookStuart Isaacs, Social Problems In The UK. According to chapter 4 of this book poverty refers to asituation wherein the person is not having proper and enough resources and materials in order tofulfil their basic requirements. According to chapter 4 of this book, if household income is usedto measure poverty then there will always be s situation where individuals will be bottom ofeconomic scales. In accordance with this if a family falls below the pounds needed for minimumsubsistence living is treated as below poverty line. For measuring poverty, the Household BelowAverage Income (HBAI) is the standard measure that is used by Department of Work andPension (DWP) for all security payments. Poverty is not good or beneficial for the company as itweakens the position of company on the international level (Haberman, Gillette and Hill, 2017).The present study will focus on meaning of poverty in UK and some statistics and datarelating to the state of poverty in the country. Also, it will discuss some causes of poverty and therelation of health and poverty. Further the report will focus on one aspect of poverty that ishomelessness which refers to as the state that people are not having minimum place to live in.next it will discuss some causes of homelessness. At last the report will outline the statistics andthe reasons behind being homeless.MAIN BODYPovertyIn accordance with chapter 4 ofIsaacs, S., & et. al (2014),Poverty can be defined as thestate of person wherein it is not able to fulfil its basic and necessary requirements of life becauseof lack of money. It is a multifaceted concept which is a problem for almost each and everycountry. The poverty can be of two types that is absolute poverty and relative poverty. Absolutepoverty refers to a situation wherein the person completely lacks all means and resources throughwhich the person meets its basic requirements such as shelter, food, clothing and many otherbasic amenities. On the other hand, relative poverty is a situation arising when a person or anindividual is not able to meet its minimum standard of living as compared to other people at thesame time and place.
The Social Construction of PovertyIn UK, to get full understanding of poverty using quantitative methods, they use differentindicators such as historical shifts, gap between the rich and poor. But it is also analysed thatthese quantitative evidence are not attract the social and cultural dimension of poverty. It is alsoanalysed that public discussion around issues also affect the poor because people's perception,assumption and their normative judgement about the poor also affected them in negative way.But, the laws provide some cash relief to poor families which provide positive message to thestate. Moreover, the working hours may go long but the value which poor people represent alsostill remain. Such that if the state provides some basic relied to the poor people then they shouldalso show the willingness to work.But there are different people who did not get any help from government and this type ofconstruction affect the poor families and drain on the society's resources as well. But on the otherside, there are some other statement that there is no poverty in UK and in large social housingestate people also carry expensive gadgets too. This sort of approach let people's personalexperience off and also rise the inequalities which cause poverty. Therefore, these range offactors sometimes limit the people's opportunities and undermine the educational achievements.Therefore, social researcher also tells that the poor people work harder than anyone and ascompared to wages they get the lowest amount in every sector. Thus, it shows that poverty is stillunder constructed because of such discrimination, anti- social behaviour and highunemployment.Statistics relating to poverty in UKAn estimation of 14.2 million people and their families are facing poverty in UK. Around8.4 million people are working adults, 4.5 million are children and around 1.4 are from pensiongroup and out of this 22 % people are in suffering from poverty and around 33 % of children arein situation of poverty. Out of all of them, 58 % people are in situation of persistent poverty andsome of them has also fallen below the poverty line (Poverty in the UK: a guide to facts andfigures,2019). The poverty rates fell down in the year 2010 as the country recovered from afinancial crisis.
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