Assignment on Strength and Conditioning

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Strength and Conditioning1STRENGTH AND CONDITIONINGBy NameCourseInstructorInstitutionLocationDate
Strength and Conditioning2IntroductionThe need to prevent injury and enhance the performance of an athlete is the fundamentalobjectives of a needs analysis. Through a needs analysis, the qualities that are required of anathlete, the sport or the two can be determined. A sports scientist can identify the physicalqualities that are necessary for his athlete to enable him to manage good performance onlythrough an in-depth needs analysis[CITATION Ear10 \p 415 \l 1033 ]. It is importantthat needsanalysis be conducted before the training program is designed.From this analysis, the coach or the sports scientist would be able to gain access to importantinformation including the profile of the athlete currently, the sports demands and any needs thatthe athlete would have in order to manage a successful sport. A proper understanding of thesethree pieces of information helps the athlete in coming up with an effective and appropriatetraining program that would see the athletes improve their performance[CITATION Ian16 \p 178 \l1033 ].For the purposes of this task, a needs analysis of cricket is done to determine the fitness of a 26-year old man of soundman to playing cricket. Among the physical attributes that are fundamentalin crickets, include;Strong and stable trunkForce controlStrength of the lower limbsAccelerated speedSpecific and general conditioningHigh mobility of the hip and thoracic spine, among other attributes
Strength and Conditioning3The various test conducted in this research include speed test, flexibility test, coordination test,reaction time test, strength test, endurance test among other tests. Each of the tests was carriedout independently with the athlete subject to various procedures and the responses used indetermining his fitness for the quality under test. Below is the warm-up plan for test 1 and test 2:Forward skip 10- 15 reps for each legBackward skip10-15 reps for each legLateral side slide with arm swing -10 reps for both sidePunter kicks-10 reps for each legLung with upper body twist-10 reps for each legHigh knee-10 reps for each legDynamic Cat stretching and flat back for ten repsTest 1: Speed test-Ability to move at very high speed, accelerate and agile are very vital incricket. These attributes are most useful in the fielding and movement between wickets.The time taken for the athlete to cross the finishing line of a 20-meter straight section wasrecorded, and this test repeated three times so as to establish higher accuracy values. The testprocedure is as illustrated:Procedure:Marks out a 20-meter straight section on the outdoor grass track with conesAthlete readies on the start-line (positioned 0.3m behind the first gates – cones A) in astanding split-stance start position & participant always uses the same starting stance.Counted down ‘3 – 2 – 1 – GO
Strength and Conditioning4Use the timing gatesThe athlete sprints as fast as possible over the 20 metersRecord time as the athletes crosses the finishing line and records the timeThe test is conducted three timesRepeat the procedure above but this time using 40m, then 60m sprints. Compare the averagetime taken to complete all the three sprints proportionately.5 minutes rest after completing each sprintOf all the three attempts of this test, the fastest recorded time of the athlete is 4.5 seconds. Thisshows a very slow speed. Some of the very fast cricketers can cover the same distance in lessthan 3 seconds. It is apparent from the test that the participant is unable to maintain high-speedmotion that is required in movement between wickets and fielding. While arranging for trainingprograms that are involving the athlete, the sports scientist would, therefore, make the necessaryarrangements that would see the athlete improve in his area of weakness.The athlete takes proportionately shorter durations to cross the 60m finishing line as compared tothe 20m finishing line. This would be translated to mean the athlete picks up progressively as heruns. The longer the distance the athlete would need to cover, the relatively shorter time hewould spend. This means the athlete would be good and successful in games that are done overlong distances. He may not manage to do short range games.Test 2: Sit and Reach Flexibility test-This test is used in the determination of the flexibility ofan athlete more specifically the flexibility of the muscles of the lower back and the hamstring.The test is important since tightness is implicated in lumbar lordosis, lower back pain andforward pelvic tilt[CITATION Ear10 \p 30 \l 1033 ].The procedure of the test is as shown below;
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