Assignment on Sustainable Development Case Study

Added on - 28 May 2020

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CASE STUDYStudent’s Name:Course:Institutional Affiliations:Tutor:
IntroductionThe world is continually changing due to the increase in urbanization and population increase. Itis, therefore, the responsibility of the engineering sector to come up with various measures toensure that the environment is not overexploited, while at the same time ensuring that themethodology put in place ensures that individuals satisfy their needs and wants. Engineerscontinually shape the infrastructure as well as the natural environment and therefore cover a bigpercentage of the artificial as well as the natural world.Sustainable development has been defined as the ability of the current population to meet thedevelopment goals while at the same time ensuring that the natural ecosystems and theenvironment have the ability to sustain itself for the future (Eskerod & Huemann, 2013). All thisis meant to ensure that the natural environment is not exploited to such an extent that it won’t beable to sustain itself which will mean it won’t have the ability to cater for the needs of the futuregenerations. The concepts that are behind this mainly pertain economic and social developmentbut certainly focus on protecting the environment (Dobson, 2007). Some people, however, arguethat some forms of natural environment may not be fully catered to the goals of sustainabledevelopment with the non-renewable resources presenting a major bottleneck in this argument.The sustainable development goals were as a result of the Butland report in 1987 but the UnitedNations has gone to some extent to review and improvise the original sustainable developmentgoals (Griggs, et al., 2013). However, the goals are centered on three fronts: economy, thesociety, and the environment. The three fronts form the major principles of sustainabledevelopment but have been broken down into 17 goals.
Sustainable development and Mumbai case studyTo begin with, the environmental principle sets out the main platform for the use of naturalresources.The principles are focused on the human ecology with the most defining factor therelationship between the built environment and the natural resources (Kibert, 2016). Humanhealth depends on the natural resources available because of the continuous need for fresh air,clean water, and food. This natural environment has to continually produce the aforementionedand therefore human beings have to devise strategies that focus on the ability of the naturalenvironment to sustain itself without necessarily producing less than what is required. Somecommon examples include using and recycling water, using wood in such a way that does notreduce the amount of forest available or using energy that is renewable such as solar and biomassenergy (Roberts & Parris, 2005). However, this is not the case in Mumbai city and according tothe world health organization, it is the fifth most polluted city in the world[ CITATION Bor16 \l1033 ]. The pollution is mainly attributed to the coarse particles released in the air. The dataindicates that the air pollution in Mumbai city is five times the allowable limit for the worldhealth organization.In line with the environments principle of sustainable development, Mumbai should adhere to thepollution principles whereby the air should not be contaminated in such a sense that it will leadto loss of animal life.
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