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Assignment on Psychology of HSC

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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Psychology of HSC
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction.....................................................................................................................................3TASK 1...........................................................................................................................................3A) Giving practical health and social care-related examples to support your.............................3points, compare and contrast:.....................................................................................................3B) Maslow and Erikson theories that underpin the role of care providers.................................4TASK 2...........................................................................................................................................5A) Biological and social determinants of bulimia and anorexia in the given scenario...............5B) Importance of different social roles in the given scenario......................................................6TASK 3............................................................................................................................................6A)................................................................................................................................................6B) Analyzing Psychological theories related to behavior disturbances.......................................7C) Challenges faced by a support worker while treating people with depressive illness............8D) Evaluating the application of psychological principles to affect behavior change................9E)Analysis of psychological theories in enhancing understanding of relationship in health andsocial care..................................................................................................................................10Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................10References......................................................................................................................................122
INTRODUCTIONPsychology refers to the scientific study of mental processes and human behavior. Itplays very important role in health and social care (Ogden, 2012). The present report exploresthe significance of study of psychological factors that influence the behavior of individualsthroughout their lifespan. In addition to this it also aims to explore its importance in the healthand social care setting. The report also features different lifespan development theories and theirapplication to underpin the role of care providers at each stage of service users lifespan in healthand social care.TASK 1A) Giving practical health and social care-related examples to support yourpoints, compare and contrast:There are several theories related to lifespan development theory that explains howchildren grow and develop in their lifespan. The theory is useful in understanding the factors thatare responsible for growth and development of individuals in their lifespan.i.Stage versus open-ended theories of lifespan developmentStage theories explains the development of individuals from the moment they born intothis world. They grow and develop with same levels of maturity. The theory assumes thathumans choose one or two ways based on their choices which determines their future. Exampleof Stage theory include Erik Erickson Theory of Psychological Development (Buunk, Gibbons,and Buunk, 2013).On the contrary Open ended theories assume nothing. It explains that all individuals aredifferent from each other and respond either in negative or positive manner to their surroundings.The responses are based on various factors that include physiological, psychological and culturalaspects. These factors interplay throughout the lives of individuals. It proposes that there arenumerous choices and one cannot presupposes their outcomes. The work of Dr. Jaan Valsiner inhis book “Culture and Development of Children's Action” features dynamic approach todevelopmental psychology. He developed a systematic model that presents development as anopen ended process (Stroebe, 2011).ii Static versus dynamic theories of lifespan development3
The static theory explains the development of children by relating the process to a step ona ladder. Each step in the child development ladder is linear and directs to the next step. A childprogresses from one one step to the next without any variation.On the contrary the the dynamic theory of child development explains that developmentinitiates and end at various stages. The theory states that learning at each level make base for thelearning in the next level. The child learn to connect information from one level to anotherthrough his experience.B) Maslow and Erikson theories that underpin the role of care providersMaslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory states that that there are five types of motivationalneeds of an individual which are depicted in hierarchical level in a form of pyramid. These needsare categorized as physiological, safety, social, self respect and self actualization needs. Theselevels need to be fulfilled for the psychological well being of individuals. The care givers need tounderstand these needs of individuals at every stage of their life (Maslach and Jackson,2013).For example: patients who suffer from severe depression are those individuals who seeklove, care and attention. Care givers need to give them support to overcome this condition bytreating them with care and attending their issues and concerns by implementing person centricapproach. Similarly while treating older patients the care workers need to support then in adignified manner by taking taking in account their social and self respect needs.Erikson theory of lifespan development states that there is plenty of room for the growthand development of an individual throughout his life (Lowes and Hulatt, 2013).The theoryemphasizes on the adolescence stage of an individual which is a vital stage for developing hisidentity. There are eight stages of psychological development in an individuals life which needto be considered by care givers in health and social care. For example at the infancy stage theperson is uncertain about the world and is dependent on parents and care providers for stabilityand consistency of care. The psychological crisis in this stage can be resolved by developing asense of trust.4
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