Plate Drivers and Fatal Traffic Accidents | Nursing Assignment

Added on - 08 Nov 2019

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Running head: BACHELOR NURSING ASSIGNMENTBachelor Nursing AssignmentName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
1BACHELOR NURSING ASSIGNMENT‘P’ Plate Drivers and Fatal Traffic AccidentsWho are ‘P’ plate drivers?‘P’ plate drivers refer to the probationary drivers who are at the initial stages of driving and havebeen licensed recently to authorize them for driving cars. Licenses are issued to them followingproper driving test to assess their skills in driving. ‘P’ license is usually issued for 1 year and it isexpected on the part of the drivers to follow definite road safety guidelines. Zero percentage ofblood alcohol content (BAC) must be noted for these drivers while driving. Driving speed limitbelow 80 km/hr is applicable for ‘P’ plate drivers.Actions meant for ‘P’ plate driversThe permission to hit the road all by oneself is granted through issuing of the probationarylicense. Statistically, the probationary or ‘P’ plate drivers are more likely to cause road accidentsas opposed to their experienced counterparts. It has been categorically mentioned in one reportthat in case of solo drive performance by a ‘P’ plate driver, there remains 30 times chances ofcausing crashes and 3 times more likely to suffer injury or encounter death in contrast to theexperienced drivers(, 2017).Types of ‘P’ plate driversP1 or red plate is valid for duration of 12 months during the time of probationary driving.P2 or green plate is applicable at the start of 12 months since when P1 license is granted to thedriver and lasts for a minimum of three years. Measures to improve the graduated licensingscheme have been introduced in South Austrlia (Norman, Middleton and Nightingale 2015).
2BACHELOR NURSING ASSIGNMENTRules and Regulations for ‘P’ plate driversSpecific instructions and guidelines are provided for the drivers regarding display of ‘P’ platePeer passenger restrictions are also applicable that need to be stringently followed. It ismandatory to display the plate for all times during driving. Carrying of license is must whiledriving. Use of mobile phones or any sort of messaging devices is strictly prohibited duringdriving. There should be no alcohol or illicit drugs inside the body while driving. Cancellation oflicense might be undertaken in case of violation of the rules and penalty may be imposedaccordingly.Factors affecting road accidents during drivingDrinking and driving- Consumption of alcohol that reduces the cognitive functioning and causediminution of alertness. Intake of drugs that leads to euphoria thereby causing derangement ofthe emotional responses might be held responsible for causing road accidents. Talking on mobilephones while driving and driving in dim light at night hours might also pose challenges andculminate in causing road accidents (Scott-Parker 2016).Measures to reduce crashes due to driving/ Current Strategies availableGraduate Driver Learning (GDL) refers to a comprehensive program introduced with the aim ofgradually increasing exposure of the new drivers to more complicated driving situations. Theprogram comprises oflearner, provisional and open license phases.Learner license phase refersto the condition in which the novice driver is exposed to lower risk situations for the sake ofobtaining practical learning experience. Learner license entitles the new driver to learn under thevigilance of supervisors, might delay the licensure and mandate the desired work hours necessary
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