Report On Bilingual Education

Added on -2020-02-19

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Running Head: Bilingual Education 1
Integrated business management project
Bilingual Education 2
Contents
Introduction......................................................................................................................................3
Aim and scope..............................................................................................................................3
Literature review..............................................................................................................................4
Infant or Child bilingualism.........................................................................................................4
Role of bilingualism in Australia.................................................................................................5
Benefits of bilingual education....................................................................................................6
Challenges in Bilingual education...............................................................................................8
Lack of bilingual teacher training............................................................................................8
Lack of managerial support......................................................................................................9
Failure to use language.............................................................................................................9
Low expectations....................................................................................................................10
Rules and regulations.............................................................................................................10
Recommendations......................................................................................................................10
Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................11
List of Figures
Figure 1: Advantage of Bilingual education....................................................................................8
Bilingual Education 3
Introduction
Changes in the Bilingual education have important impact on the future of the education
system. This report provides some of the major research related to purpose and effectiveness of
the bilingual education. Before researching about the bilingual education, it is important
understand the concept of bilingual education. Bilingual education includes the active practices
of learning based on two languages used by the educational institutions of countries in the
society where various languages exist. It may be the situation where two different languages
exist. On the other hand it may be the situation that rather than the state language, other
languages are present. In present time, bilingual programs is used in the colleges, schools and
universities where they are paying attention on the study of the foreign language and
international cultures. Along with this, bilingual programs are focused on creating the conditions
for the students to adjust in the intercultural language environment. Now, bilingual education can
be found in the pre-school institutions. There is vast contribution to the bilingual education
system at an early stage. For instance, popular and famous project ‘LIGHT’ is actively supported
by many countries i.e. France, Germany, Finland and Austria. It is perceived that bilingual
education in the early stage is most effective for children as children are more open to the new
and they do not have any kind of obstruction and typecast. For instance, there is one of the
Australian school focusing on the bilingual education i.e. Huntingdale Primary school. In this
education system, school is providing different curriculum to develop bilingual skills in the
students (Pray & Jimenez, 2009).
Aim and scope
Aim of this report is to build is to analyze the issue of bilingual and immersion education
in Australia and find out the most possible solution to deal with this issue. It synthesizes and
summarizes the appropriate empirical work on bilingual education in schools at early stages.
This report evaluates the quality of these studies and focuses on the improvement if bilingual
education in the schools. The scope of this research is to generate the understandings of how
immersion childhood education contributes is helpful in bilingualism and early school success.
For the research, recent relevant studies on the bilingual and immerse early childhood programs
would be focused.
Bilingual Education 4
Literature review
The term bilingualism is quite difficult and controversial to define. According to Baker
(1993), bilingualism is a kind of child who is able to speak two languages smoothly. Some other
researchers argued that bilingualism starts at that point where the speaker of one language is able
to produce complete and meaningful speech in other languages. Further, bilingualism begins
when someone starts to understand other languages without any barriers. In bilingualism, there is
one more term i.e. infant or child bilingualism. According to the Saunders (1988), infant
bilingual can be described as the immediate acquirement of two languages from birth. Child
bilingualism is successive fluency in two languages i.e. child learns first language within the
family and then learns second language in preschool or early school years. Those child who are
bilingual before four years of age have more chances of being able to make the use of two
languages in their daily lives. Along with this, they have awareness of language; they have high
level of level of adeptness at divergent thinking, creative thinking and concept formation. There
should be bilingual education system in the Australian schools as in the country, majority of the
Australian born households are not bilingual and immigrant households. So, for the development
of children, there must be bilingual education system in the schools (Lin & García, 2016).
Infant or Child bilingualism
Child bilingual is one who has successive fluency in two languages. Those types of
children acquire first language within the family and then learn second language in the school
years. If a child has not get exposure of another language from birth or within the family then he
or she will not be classified as an infant bilingual as he or she is not learning those two languages
by birth. In the Australia, there is the multicultural society and bilingual education is actively
debated in the society. Bilingual education must b e provided in the first language to transfer
natural literacy from first language to the second language. Park (2007) argued that foreign
women who are working in the country must use the language in which they are most
comfortable to raise their children. According to her, proficiency in the mother tongue is helpful
in the development of children in terms of learning skills.
The world is changing at the continuous level and there is the need of highly developed
skills for the students for becoming successful global citizen. There are various situations those
are essential for the students to become successful. In the schools of Australia, teachers are

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