Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Organ Transplantation


Added on  2019-09-20

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INTRODUCTIONBioethics is that activity which reflects the ethical issues in health care, based on the adopted ethical standards. With the advancement of the medical technology in a faster pace the professionals in health care often faces the ethical dilemmas, which in a way gives rise to bioethics where the application of the principles is implemented, and this in a way cause to investigate the decision- making practices within a health care sector. The basic idea behind this is to ensure that the medical practices with the designated procedures are only to cause benefit to the society as a whole. So, with the scarcity of the medical resources things get difficult for meeting the health care needs since there comes a constraint from the limited supply. Hence, some degree of rationing becomes operative under these circumstancesin the health care system.REAL LIFE ISSUESThe best example becomes a tug- of- war when it comes to offering equal treatment to be provided to the general people of the public to the elite class members, like that of the financial donors or the family members of the trustees and this elite class is also inclusive of other members of the society who may be are in a way influential and are members of the politics or are celebrities. So, ethical dilemma peeps in where a health care professional have to choose from the elite members or the general members of the public. So, when there is an organ donor, and also there is a big line of recipients, then it becomes a dilemma to pick and choose from the group of recipients [ CITATION Per09 \l 1033 ]. Down syndrome, or Cystic fibrosis, or Duchene muscular dystrophy have a factor common and that is the genetics and to eliminate this genetic disease is possible by manipulation of DNA and CRISPR/Cas9 a medical technique allowed to target specific DNA strands for modification, but the ethical situation arose with regards to the consent, where the question arose as to the receiving consent to collect DNA from a new-born. Again, the ethical issue arose with the artificial womb, where the ethical situation arose with regards to the bonding or the connection between the child and the mother, which cannot be provided by replication of womb and furthermore, the manipulation and population control cannot be restrained. DISCUSSIONOrgan transplantation could be a great and at the same time a successful treatment towards the advancement to stop the failure in organ transplantation. The deceased gifts organ can be simply feasible if an individual succumbs to death amid a clinic which is beyond any doubt or not under any other suspicious conditions, most often within a healing facility medicinal care unit or crisis division [ CITATION Coh14 \l 1033 ]. The prerequisites for organs from perished benefactors surpasses their availability. Whenever, there are numerous people who are evaluated as qualified and are anticipating a transplant, assortment of whom becomes an ethical dilemma for the health care professionals, before getting a transplant as their disease advances on the far side the reason
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