Biology. Infectious Diseases. Biology. Infectious Disea

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BiologyInfectious Diseases
An Essay on disease and infection control which compares cholera with influenzaTable of ContentsIntroduction................................................................................................................................1Cholera’s effect on human populations in history.....................................................................1Discuss Cholera’s incidence in different parts of the world and its transmission rate..............2Conclusion..................................................................................................................................2References.............................................................................................................................3
IntroductionMechanisms for infection for both diseasesCholera- This infection is caused by the bacteria Vibrio Cholerae which leads to collonizationof the intestine in humans("The Cholera: Cholera and our Protection from it", 1892). Thesebacteria produces toxin called cholera and is generally spread in areas which has limitedsanitation of water and proper disposal of human wastes.Influenza- This is an infectious disease which is caused by the influenza virus. This virusspreads very fast and there are three ways. Through direct transmission when this viruscomes in direct contact to a healthy person from an infected person by sneezing directly intomouth, nose or eyes(Chatterjee, 1957). Though the air route when the healthy person inhalesthis virus present in the environment. Through the contact of hand to eye or hand to mouth ina healthy person.Organs or body system affectedCholera- In this infection, the small intestine gets affected by the presence of the bacteriaVibrio Cholerae and the characteristics are the extreme situation of diarrhoea where the fluidsof the body gets depleted.Influenza- This virus affects the respiratory tract of the human body which include parts likethroat, nose and the tubes carrying oxygen to the lungs.Symptoms of each diseaseCholera- The main symptoms of this disease is the dehydration and a situation of diarrhoea.When this infection reaches to a serious situation, there can be cases of shocks and seizures("The Cholera Epidemic: "Mixed Infection" in Cholera", 1893).Influenza- In this infection, the patient can experience fever, cough, runny nose, congestion,fatigue, headache and muscle aches.Cholera’s effect on human populations in historyThese diseases have created a severe impact on the population of the world. There have beencases of panic, impediment of the development of the nation, disruption among people andcommunities in the history("Protective Vaccination against Cholera", 1893). There havebeen many instances in the past for the outbreak of this disease.
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