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Accrued interest refers to the amount of interest earned by a lender on a loan or debt that has not been received yet. It arises when a borrower fails to make payments for the interest on a loan, resulting in accumulated interest that becomes due. Accrued interest is an accounting concept used to recognize the interest income for a period even if it's not collected yet. It's represented as a current asset or liability on a company's balance sheet and considered as income or expenses.

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BLOG: ACCRUED INTEREST

WHAT IS ACCRUED INTEREST?

WHAT IS ACCRUED INTEREST?

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ACCRUED INTEREST

12th August 2019

Accrued interest is an accounting term which stands as an amount of interest on a loan that has

already occurred but has not been paid yet by the loan taker or borrower as well as not been

received yet by the loan provider or lender. This type of interest amount arises only when a

borrower borrows loan from a lender on a short-term and long-term basis with an agreement to

pay the interest on such loan on a monthly basis. There are two kinds of accounting methods and

both of these methods use to dictate how all the financial transactions of a company are recorded

by it in its financial books. Accounting is conducted either by following cash-basis accounting or

accrual accounting. Accrued interest arises while a company prepares its accounting by

following accrual basis of accounting.

Under the accrual method of accounting, a company uses to record the amount associated with

accrued interest with the entries that are made for adjusting. These entries are called accrual

accounting entries and are drawn by borrowers and lenders while preparing financial statements

and representing these financial statements in front of the public. The adjusting entry drawn by

the borrower puts Interest Expense in the debit side and Accrued Interest Payable, which stands

as an element of the company’s current liability, in the credit side. The adjusting entry made by

the lender puts Accrued Interest Receivable (that stands as a current asset) in the debit side and

Interest Revenue (or Income) in the credit side.

Definition of Accrued Interest along with Discussion

Accrued interest refers to the volume (in amount) of interest which is earned by a lender on a

loan or debt but not received by the lender yet. Debts on which accrued interest occurred are

bond, and loan. It is the accumulated interest on loan or debt from the day when such loan or

debt is issued or when a coupon of a bond is made.

12th August 2019

Accrued interest is an accounting term which stands as an amount of interest on a loan that has

already occurred but has not been paid yet by the loan taker or borrower as well as not been

received yet by the loan provider or lender. This type of interest amount arises only when a

borrower borrows loan from a lender on a short-term and long-term basis with an agreement to

pay the interest on such loan on a monthly basis. There are two kinds of accounting methods and

both of these methods use to dictate how all the financial transactions of a company are recorded

by it in its financial books. Accounting is conducted either by following cash-basis accounting or

accrual accounting. Accrued interest arises while a company prepares its accounting by

following accrual basis of accounting.

Under the accrual method of accounting, a company uses to record the amount associated with

accrued interest with the entries that are made for adjusting. These entries are called accrual

accounting entries and are drawn by borrowers and lenders while preparing financial statements

and representing these financial statements in front of the public. The adjusting entry drawn by

the borrower puts Interest Expense in the debit side and Accrued Interest Payable, which stands

as an element of the company’s current liability, in the credit side. The adjusting entry made by

the lender puts Accrued Interest Receivable (that stands as a current asset) in the debit side and

Interest Revenue (or Income) in the credit side.

Definition of Accrued Interest along with Discussion

Accrued interest refers to the volume (in amount) of interest which is earned by a lender on a

loan or debt but not received by the lender yet. Debts on which accrued interest occurred are

bond, and loan. It is the accumulated interest on loan or debt from the day when such loan or

debt is issued or when a coupon of a bond is made.

In finance and accounting, the term ‘accrued interest’ reflects the income, in a form of interest, is

earned by a lender on a loan or debt which has been collected by the lender yet. Essentially,

accrued interest uses to come in two different forms, such as -

The amount of interest occurred on a bond or a loan which has accumulated over the

years, more specifically from the day one of raising a loan or issuing a bond or in other

words from the very same time when the principal (main) investment as a loan or as bind

was made

The interest on loan or bond is accumulated since the coupon on bond was made

previously

Accrued interest on loans or on the other kinds of debt elements is calculated on the basis of the

end date of a particular accounting period or year. For instance, if the interest on a loan is

payable on twentieth of every month and accounting period is the last date of every calendar

month, and then the month of May will need accrual interest of 10 days, in this particular case,

from twenty-first to the thirtieth. A company uses to report the accrued interest on its income

statement. Through the income statement, accrued interest is represented by a lender as revenue

whereas a borrower of a loan on which such accrued interest occurred represent it as an expense,

short-term in nature. Alternatively, the accrued interest is also represented by a lender on the

balance sheet, in the asset side of the balance sheet. On the other hand, it is represented by the

borrower as a liability item on the liability side of the balance sheet.

As this type of interest is expected to be paid or received within a year only, it is classified as an

element of current liability or current asset. This particular interest element accumulates

accordingly with the passing time and immaterial to the operational productivity of a company

during a particular period. This type of interest item is recorded in the accounts books at the end

of every accounting period. As an accounting element arises while applying accrual accounting,

accrued interest is something that comes into existence regardless of collection of payment. The

formula of accrued interest is given below:

earned by a lender on a loan or debt which has been collected by the lender yet. Essentially,

accrued interest uses to come in two different forms, such as -

The amount of interest occurred on a bond or a loan which has accumulated over the

years, more specifically from the day one of raising a loan or issuing a bond or in other

words from the very same time when the principal (main) investment as a loan or as bind

was made

The interest on loan or bond is accumulated since the coupon on bond was made

previously

Accrued interest on loans or on the other kinds of debt elements is calculated on the basis of the

end date of a particular accounting period or year. For instance, if the interest on a loan is

payable on twentieth of every month and accounting period is the last date of every calendar

month, and then the month of May will need accrual interest of 10 days, in this particular case,

from twenty-first to the thirtieth. A company uses to report the accrued interest on its income

statement. Through the income statement, accrued interest is represented by a lender as revenue

whereas a borrower of a loan on which such accrued interest occurred represent it as an expense,

short-term in nature. Alternatively, the accrued interest is also represented by a lender on the

balance sheet, in the asset side of the balance sheet. On the other hand, it is represented by the

borrower as a liability item on the liability side of the balance sheet.

As this type of interest is expected to be paid or received within a year only, it is classified as an

element of current liability or current asset. This particular interest element accumulates

accordingly with the passing time and immaterial to the operational productivity of a company

during a particular period. This type of interest item is recorded in the accounts books at the end

of every accounting period. As an accounting element arises while applying accrual accounting,

accrued interest is something that comes into existence regardless of collection of payment. The

formula of accrued interest is given below:

Accrued interest stands as the due amount of loan or debt interest. Interest on bond accrued as

interest on bond starts accumulating when it is issued whereas the interest on such bond is

generally paid as a coupon form in periodical gap such as semi-annually, quarterly, or annually.

Due to this reason, for the particular period from the date when a bond issued and the date of its

maturity, the interest on such bind is accumulated whereas not paid and turns into an accrued

interest. Accrued interest formula calculates how much daily interest needs to be paid and then

multiply it by the period for which it is accrued.

Example of Accrued Interest

Example 1:

It is assumed that on 16th December, an organisation borrows $20000 from a bank at a rate of 6%

interest paid annually. The first payment of interest becomes due after 30 days of raising the loan

i.e. on 15th January. Both the bank and the company use to consider accounting years that end on

31st December every year. The amount arises as accrued interest as of December 31 is $50

($20000 * 6% = $1200 per year, ($1200 / 12) = $100 per month and ($50/2) = $50 for half

month i.e. for 15 days). Here, the adjustment entry the organisation (the borrower) will make by

debiting $50 as Interest Expense, and by crediting $50 as Accrued Interest Payable. On the other

side, the bank (the lender) will make adjusting entry by debiting #50 as Accrued Interest

Receivable, and by crediting $50 as Interest Revenue.

Example 2:

interest on bond starts accumulating when it is issued whereas the interest on such bond is

generally paid as a coupon form in periodical gap such as semi-annually, quarterly, or annually.

Due to this reason, for the particular period from the date when a bond issued and the date of its

maturity, the interest on such bind is accumulated whereas not paid and turns into an accrued

interest. Accrued interest formula calculates how much daily interest needs to be paid and then

multiply it by the period for which it is accrued.

Example of Accrued Interest

Example 1:

It is assumed that on 16th December, an organisation borrows $20000 from a bank at a rate of 6%

interest paid annually. The first payment of interest becomes due after 30 days of raising the loan

i.e. on 15th January. Both the bank and the company use to consider accounting years that end on

31st December every year. The amount arises as accrued interest as of December 31 is $50

($20000 * 6% = $1200 per year, ($1200 / 12) = $100 per month and ($50/2) = $50 for half

month i.e. for 15 days). Here, the adjustment entry the organisation (the borrower) will make by

debiting $50 as Interest Expense, and by crediting $50 as Accrued Interest Payable. On the other

side, the bank (the lender) will make adjusting entry by debiting #50 as Accrued Interest

Receivable, and by crediting $50 as Interest Revenue.

Example 2:

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Assume that on a particular amount of loan, an interest (at 14% annual rate of interest) charged

and it is computed on a regular basis. The loan becomes payable at the end of every month as

well as the interest rate is charged on the borrower by the lender of the loan on a monthly basis.

Given,

Loan Amount = $1000

Annual Interest rate = 14%

Period when interest becomes accrued = 30 days

By considering the above assumption, accrued interest on the loan amount of $1000 per month

will be $11.51 ($1000 * 14% / 365 * 30).

Accrued Interest vs. Regular Interest

Accrued interest is not a specific kind of interest; instead, it is accumulated interest that has been

recognized by a company for the purpose of accounting but not collected or paid yet. One does

not need to become an experienced accountant or financial expert for defining this accrued

interest. The difference between accrued interest and regular interest is discussed below:

When a borrower borrows money, the lender uses to charge interest at a certain rate until the

borrower repays the entire loan. Interest called the expenses incurred by a borrower for utilising

the money of a lender and a primary way through which the lender generates income in the form

of interest on the loan he has provided to the lender. If a person lends cash to someone, then that

person who borrows the money typically become liable to pay interest to the money he/she had

lend from the lender. Regular interest is something that is paid by the borrower and received by

the lender. For instance, if a person has a savings bank account with a balance of $2,000 and the

person earns 5 percent per year then for the 1st year, he/she will earn $100 on that savings

account. If the person keeps the money in that savings account after receiving interest, then for in

for next year, the calculation (interest calculation) starts with the principal amount of $2100

[2000 + ($2000 * 5%)].

and it is computed on a regular basis. The loan becomes payable at the end of every month as

well as the interest rate is charged on the borrower by the lender of the loan on a monthly basis.

Given,

Loan Amount = $1000

Annual Interest rate = 14%

Period when interest becomes accrued = 30 days

By considering the above assumption, accrued interest on the loan amount of $1000 per month

will be $11.51 ($1000 * 14% / 365 * 30).

Accrued Interest vs. Regular Interest

Accrued interest is not a specific kind of interest; instead, it is accumulated interest that has been

recognized by a company for the purpose of accounting but not collected or paid yet. One does

not need to become an experienced accountant or financial expert for defining this accrued

interest. The difference between accrued interest and regular interest is discussed below:

When a borrower borrows money, the lender uses to charge interest at a certain rate until the

borrower repays the entire loan. Interest called the expenses incurred by a borrower for utilising

the money of a lender and a primary way through which the lender generates income in the form

of interest on the loan he has provided to the lender. If a person lends cash to someone, then that

person who borrows the money typically become liable to pay interest to the money he/she had

lend from the lender. Regular interest is something that is paid by the borrower and received by

the lender. For instance, if a person has a savings bank account with a balance of $2,000 and the

person earns 5 percent per year then for the 1st year, he/she will earn $100 on that savings

account. If the person keeps the money in that savings account after receiving interest, then for in

for next year, the calculation (interest calculation) starts with the principal amount of $2100

[2000 + ($2000 * 5%)].

On the other side, accrued interest stands as an interest amount that becomes due because of the

failure of the lender to make payment for the interest of a loan. Accumulated interest is the

accumulation of interest on a loan that has not been paid by the borrower for a number of months

and due to which the interest becomes due. In this case, the interest on a loan is earned on every

single day during the entire time period the money is kept in the account. Here, if the interest is

not paid out till the end of a quarter, year, or whatever within the contracted time period, then the

interest become accrued i.e. it becomes owed to the lender but required payment for the interest

not made. Accrued interest is represented by a lender as well as a borrower through their balance

sheet whereas regular interest is not represented through the balance sheet. Accrued interest is

considered as a current asset or current liability as well as income or expenses but regular interest

is only considered as income.

failure of the lender to make payment for the interest of a loan. Accumulated interest is the

accumulation of interest on a loan that has not been paid by the borrower for a number of months

and due to which the interest becomes due. In this case, the interest on a loan is earned on every

single day during the entire time period the money is kept in the account. Here, if the interest is

not paid out till the end of a quarter, year, or whatever within the contracted time period, then the

interest become accrued i.e. it becomes owed to the lender but required payment for the interest

not made. Accrued interest is represented by a lender as well as a borrower through their balance

sheet whereas regular interest is not represented through the balance sheet. Accrued interest is

considered as a current asset or current liability as well as income or expenses but regular interest

is only considered as income.

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