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BLOG: LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONWHAT IS LANGUAGE ACQUISITION?
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION5th August 2019As said by Oliver Wendell Holmes, language stands as the blood of the soul into which thoughtsrun and out of which they grow. Fundamental to modern linguistics include the view reflectingthe concept that human language stands as a natural object. Human language is species-specificcapability to acquire language, tacit knowledge of human beings which makes them able to copeup with the huge complexity and distinct nature of language. It is the capacity of human to uselanguage in an appropriate manner for free. Language is extremely complex but over the years, ahuman being grasps it which ultimately makes the human being to think, and communicate histhoughts. Before the age of five, a child becomes able to know most of the intricate system oflanguage. Children control conjoining sentences, asking questions, negate sentences, usingpronouns, forming relative clauses, and inflecting verbs and nouns. Some say that no one canteach the rules of grammar to the children and their parents are not aware of morphology,phonology, semantic and syntactic rules. It is very obvious to state that children do not learn a language by simply memorizing somesentences. Rather, they use to acquire the asset of grammatical rules whereas no one uses toteach the children about what grammar is and how to use it. Language acquisition is influencedby individual differences, engagement, motivation along with some other variables. It is claimedthat the language a child learns by his/her own is a native language which influences the processof acquiring the second language in a positive manner. The acquisition of a second languageshould be explored in bilingualism context. It is already proven by different researches onlanguage acquisition, that having strong and effective knowledge about mother tongue based onbilinguals, promotes learning and cognitive development. Thus, the education on mother tongueis vital in the educational development of a child. Definition and Concept of Language Acquisition
Language acquisition refers to the process by applying which human beings use to acquire theability to perceive as well as comprehend language and the ability to produce as well as usewords along with sentences for communicating with others. The ability to comprehend languageis gaining the strength of being aware of language as well as understanding it. A human beinguses to acquire the first language by at his/her childhood and such acquisition of the firstlanguage refers to the way a child learns his/her native language. Babbling is treated as theearliest version or form of a child's language acquisition. This is because infants use to producedifferent kinds of sounds on the basis of what kind of language input they receive. Thus,language acquisition starts from the time when an infant starts receiving language inputs andreacts upon such inputs by creating sounds.Language stands as a cognition which truly makes human different and highly advance thanother species. Whereas other living species use to communicate with their innate ability ofproducing a few numbers of meaningful vocalisations like bonobos, or sometimes with partiallylearned systems like bird songs. Till date, no other species like human are found who can expresstheir infinite ideas or sentences with symbols (words and speech sounds). The ability of gettingand understanding a language is genetically inherited. It is also mentionable here; that thespecific language children use to speak is environmentally and culturally transmitted into them.Children acquire their very first language without any tutoring. Researchers have shown thatinfants at their age of twelve months have sensitivity in relation to grammar which is required forunderstanding causative sentences. They start acquiring languages by responding to theircaretakers (mothers). Children do not get any formal teaching from their parents on nativelanguage. Parents try to reinforce the verbal behaviour of their child with smiles or some otherways. Language acquisition means a process whereby a child achieves fluent control over his/hernative language. A language is learned by children because they use to possess an inborn abilitythat allows them to acquire language as a normal maturational process. Children have an innatedevice for acquiring a language.Motivation uses to play a pivotal role while it comes to learn a language. For some people,learning a language seems natural and easy but for others, it is tough and complex. This isbecause a different individual holds different abilities of learning and such abilities often affectedgreatly by a number of different factors. These factors affect language learning as well as or
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