HSO4003 Health and Social Care Essay

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Student number: Date:BSc Health and Social CareUsing Research EvidenceEssay: Journal Article ReviewModule Code – HSO4003Level – HE4Student Number:...Module Tutor: Tracy DeardenWord Count: ...Date: ...1
Student number: Date:INTRODUCTIONVascular dementia is regarded one of the most common types of dementia due to reducedblood flow to the brain. In the UK almost 150,000 people suffer from it. Dementia is acommon term associated for challenges associated with mental abilities from gradualdamages and changes in the brain of people under 65. Vascular dementia has been found tobe a degenerative condition with possibilities to slow it down(Davies, 2011). The scope ofthis paper evaluatesprevalence of vascular dementia in the UKby evaluating two journals.R.H.Chen (2008) article, Severity of depression and risk for subsequent dementia: cohortstudies in China and the UK. InThe British Journal of Psychiatry, pages 373 to 377 is aqualitative evaluation the study. The journal provides critical insight into factors andsyndromes that lead to vascular dementia(Chen, 2008). The second article, F.A. Matthews(2013) A two-decade comparison of prevalence of dementia in individuals aged 65 years andolder from three geographical areas of England: results of the Cognitive Function and AgeingStudy I and II. InThe Lancet, pages 1405 to 1412 is a qualitative along with quantittivefactors related to the study(Matthews, 2013).The topic of this research has been selected asthere are no pertinent literature covering aspects relateed to geographic locationin UK. It isimportant to professionals inhealth and social care as there are barely any special professionalbased training methodology catering to services. Due to increasing incidence vasculardementia cases in the UK, it is an important filed in health and sical care debate.Thoughthere has been several researches in the area but a literature gap exists to understandprevalence of the condition in the UK. This study undertakes to fulfill the literature gappertaining to vascular dementia in UK.2
Student number: Date:ANALYSISA number of potential issues in health and social care affect large proportions of population.While evidences based on pertinent research might be able to reflect characteristics related tothe study, they might not be able to suffice the same. It has been estimated that vasculardementia is the most prevalent dementia type after Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia includes aseries of symptoms including memory loss, problem solving or language difficulties anddifficulties in thinking. For the purpose of this study, a research method including qualitativeand quantitative techniques has been undertaken(Sharp, 2011). Mostly secondary level dataand information has been undertaken for analysis from journals and articles. The scholar hasnot undertaken primary data collection due to time and cost constraints. However, allsecondary data that had been collected for the purpose of the study has been verified andtested for reliability. Qualitative data are those, which are subjective in nature, has beencollected extensively from both the articles for the purpose of the study. Whereas,quantitative data are those which are measurable in nature. While qualitative data has beenobtained from both the articles, quantitative data has been obtained from second article foranalysis. Data analysis technique undertaken for the study encompasses inductive techniquemethods, where collected data are lined to one another to arrive at results pertaining to thestudy. For the purpose of analysing quantitative data statistical analysis technique as mean,median, standard deviation has been adopted. The research aim for the study is to understandthe trend amongst adult population in the UK facing vascular dementia. Thus, researchquestions aims at exploring facts regarding several causes that leads to prevalence of vasculardementia. The symptoms along with conditions related to the disease will also be evaluatedthrough the scope of two journals. Hypothesis related to the study is that; Null Hypothesis3
Student number: Date:(H0), which establishes that there is a growing, trend in the UK associated with vasculardementia. Alternate Hypothesis (H1), which states that, no related factors that can depictdementia amongst patients in UK.Vascular dementia has been found to be a rare condition but it is prevalent under the age of65 with almost 17% of the population with dementia diagnosed as being vascular dementia.In any study, it becomes pertinent to evaluate necessary literary sources for arriving atspecific findings related to the study. For the purpose of this study, development is based onliteratures from two journals and articles undertaken(Ballard, 2008). An array of symptomsappears with vascular dementia due to shortage of blood supply to the brain, it causes minorblood clots in the brain that prohibits oxygen from reaching brain tissues. The small clotsinside the brain are referred to as Transient Ischaemic Attacks (TIAs). There can be damagedue to blocked arteries, commonly known as atherosclerosis or bursting of blood vesselsknown as haemorrhage. In cases of progression of vascular dementia, patient might notexperience TIAs for a period and might be diagnosed only at a stage later. Once symptomsrelated to TIA happens then patient might experience conditions of getting better or willreflect sign of recovery. Post phases of recovery, which are temporary stages, there could bedifficulties in daily living or in carrying out regular activities(Imfeld, 2013).R.H. Chen (2008) in his article evaluates risks associated with depression being coexisitngwith dementia. The article evaluated several participants from UK and china of age greaterthan 65. Geriatric Mental State interview processes was applied during the time period offirstly Chineses and the later with British participants of 2157 in number. Analysis os resultsfrom participants reflected that risks associated with depression seem to increase dementia.Below is depicted a year-wise trend of dementia amongst men and women in the UK4
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