P2 Size and scope of various organizations

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Business and businessenvironment
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1P1 Different types of organisations and their legal structure......................................................1P2 Size and scope of various organizations................................................................................1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................1P3 Relationship between organisational functions and their linkage with objectives oforganisation.................................................................................................................................1TASK 3............................................................................................................................................1P4 Positive and negative impact of external environment on business operations.....................1TASK 4............................................................................................................................................1P5 Internal and external analysis of some specific organisations to identify strength andweakness.....................................................................................................................................1P6 How strength and weakness interrelate with external factors...............................................1CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................1REFERENCES................................................................................................................................2Books and Journal............................................................................................................................2
INTRODUCTIONBusiness environment is known as surroundings of business which includes both externalas well as internal factors that affects functioning of business. It is essential to do proper analysisand evaluation of market before starting business in those markets. The company considered inthis report are Tesco as a private organisation, National health service (NHS) as publicorganisation and OXFAM as voluntary organisation. The following report discusses aboutbusiness environment and various factors that affect functioning and operations of thecompanies. There is PESTLE analysis of one of the company and SWOT analysis of other twocompanies. There is discussion on relationship between organisational functions. Also there isdiscussion on positive and negative impact of external environment on business activities.SWOT analysis of two companies is mentioned. At last, there is discussion on strength andweakness of external analysis(Banica and Hagiu, 2015).TASK 1P1 Different types of organisations and their legal structure.Within a business environment, there exist different kind of organisations that have varied legalstructures and purpose. Information about various kinds of business firms is given below:Public organisation:A public sector involves both public enterprise and services whichis managed & owned by governmental authorities. These firms have the aim to provide goodfacilities to local and regional people without charging them high amount. Profits and sharesearned by this sector are used to offer standardised services to common people. For example,NHS.(Clarke and Xu, 2016).Purpose:Main purpose of public sector firms is to offer high quality service to public so thatthey can feel secure and safe while living in a region. Public services offered by these firmsinvolve governmental services like police, military, news, healthcare, educational and otherservices.Legal structure:Local government:This tier of government is authorised to manage small town andcities. Their powers are limited and they care accountable to state government for theirwork.
State government:This governmental structure formulate regulations and laws for astate and manage all the public activities within that region.Central government:It is the highest tier in governmental bodies. This government hasjurisdiction within whole nation and formulate regulations for state and local government.Private organisation:This business sector includes firms that are run and managed byprivate businessmen either as individual or in partnership with another business persons. Oneexample in this context is Tesco which is a UK based retailer offering grocery and otherhousehold products to their customer base.Purpose:Purpose of these firms is to earn high revenues and sales so that maximum profits canbe earned. This benefits these firms in gaining wide advantage over rival firms.Legal structure:Sole proprietorship:In this legal structure, an individual runs and own business onindividual basis. All the business activities are carried out by a single person in order toattain maximised profits. If these businesses face any loss, it will be faced by soleproprietor only(Deasy and et.al 2016).Partnership:This is stated as an association of two or more than two people. This legalstructure have legal obligations similar with sole proprietorship but here, a contract issigned by the partners which allow them to acknowledge their shares and profits withinbusiness. If one partner do not follow contract terms, other partners can file a law suitagainst them.Limited company:It is an organisation that is set up by a person to run their business.Here, owner of business is not completely responsible for the business activities andfinances of firm will be separate from personal finances of business owner. Thesecompanies can either public or private in nature. For example, Tesco.Voluntary organisation:These business firms are basically a group of people which areinterested in serving people without any fees. For example, OXFAM which is a global companywhich fights against poverty(Fabuš, 2017).Purpose:Main aim of OXFAM is to provide social and welfare services to common people sothat they can live a comfortable and healthy life.Legal structure:
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