Calhoun’s Exposition Assignment

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: CALHOUN’S EXPOSITIONCalhoun’s ExpositionName of the UniversityName of the StudentAuthor note
1CALHOUN’S EXPOSITIONAnswer 1: Powers of the state in relation to constitutionality of federal lawCalhoun protested against the tariff that provided protection to the manufacturers fromforeign competition. He argued that the constitution was designed not to encouragemanufacturing but promote agriculture and commerce. The tariff mainly affected the South thatheavily depended on export. When the federal government announced the tariff, the SouthCarolina state declared this announcement as invalid. The state advocated this decision ongrounds of the powers bestowed upon them by the Constitution(Calhoun 2003). However,Andrew Jackson, the then President refuted South Carolina’s argument and threatened forcedacceptance of the federal laws. He justified his stance by pointing out the supreme law of theland.According to Calhoun, states and its citizens had the power to veto a decision of thefederal government if they deem it unconstitutional(Calhoun 2003). In reality however, Calhounstated that the powers allotted to the states are not powers at all. It is because the federalgovernment had the right impose its power upon the state.Answer 2: Calhoun’s support for strict constructionStrict constructionists advocated the limited use of power by the Congress. According tothem, any government must only exercise the powers authorized to them by the Constitution.Calhoun strongly supported strict construction, as he believed that even the federalgovernment must not alter the laws stated in the Constitution. During his tenure as the VicePresident under Andrew Jackson, Calhoun expressed his views on the powers vested to thestates. He stated that the states must be given the authority to nullify any law passed by thefederal government that they find to be unconstitutional(Calhoun 2003).
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