Cardiac Rehabilitation Assignment

Added on - 30 Oct 2019

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Cardiac RehabilitationStudent’s NameInstitution AffiliationDate of Submission
Cardiac RehabilitationIntroductionCardiac rehabilitation is a medically supervised program for patients with cardiac health needs.The rehabilitation involves the adoption of heart healthy changes to address cardiovasculardiseases. In order to help in the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, the program emphases onexercises, heart-health education, and counseling to decrease stress and to help the patients adoptan active life. Cardiac rehabilitation enhances health and quality of life, which reduces the needof drugs to treat heart complications (Anderson & Taylor, 2014). The program is provided ineither a hospital rehab or outpatient clinic by a rehab team which comprises of nurses, doctors,nutritionists, dietitians, and exercise specialists. The major benefit of cardiac rehabilitation isthat, it has minimal risks. For instance, rarely does the exercises done during cardiacrehabilitation cause injury to the muscles and bones or severe heart rhythm. Similarly, cardiacrehab has been proven to reduce mortality, relief symptoms, enhanced exercise tolerance, and theoverall psychological health (Ingle & Carroll, 2017). The aim of this essay is to discuss theimportance of cardiac rehabilitation for patients with cardiac health needs and the role and theresponsibilities of nurses in cardiac rehabilitation. All this will be supported by relevantreferences.Importance of Cardiac Rehabilitation for patients with Cardiac health needsHealth needs of cardiac patientsCardiac patients require counseling and health education on how to accept and manage theirhealth condition (Rasmusson, Flattery & Baas, 2015). They need to accept so that they can be ina position to utilize the potential left in them to make constructive adaptations and lead a positive
life. The health education provided would enable them to maintain self-care even when at home(Pulvirenti, McMillan & Lawn, 2014). This kind of education ought to revolve around self-monitoring, diet and lifestyle modification, self-administration of medications and follow-ups ontreatment. Furthermore, they need emotional support to boost their ability to live with theircondition by having access to peer support and a counselor (Clement, Painter & Shaffer, 2016).The patient needs to be informed on important aspects regarding self-monitoring. For instance,they should be made aware that heart failure brings about slow blood circulation, low systemicoutput and hypoxia. This may cause dizziness, palpitations, shortness of breath, feeling lightheaded and general weakness. If these symptoms intensify, the patient should be advised toreport to a care facility near them (Riekert, Ockene, & Pbert, 2013). Additionally, cardiacpatients need to refrain from any risky lifestyle behaviors such as tobacco smoking, alcoholintake, performing strenuous activities like sports and emotional upsets (Kelley & Morrison,2015).A cardiac patient needs to make modifications to their diet and comply with low saltconsumption and fat free formulas. More emphasis should be put on foods rich in Vitamins suchas fruits and vegetables that help boost the patient’s immunity (Kripalani, Theobald,Anctil,&Vasilevskis, 2014). Also, the patient should be given small servings of soft food so as to reducemechanical digestion that increases the demand for energy and workload on a compromisedmetabolism. Caloric foods are recommended to act as an energy supplement (Turk,Sarrafzadegan & Grace, 2014).The patient needs to modify their lifestyles and avoid activities and emotions that put a lot ofworkload on the heart. They need a caring and stress-free environment which promotes resting
and consequently reduces the demand for oxygen. For instance, there should be minimal noisepollution so as to provide emotional rest. Moreover, there should be no air pollution as thiswould cause respiratory distress which can cause hypoxia (Lavie, Arena& Franklin, 2016).However, the patient could engage in a physical exercise program specifically tailored for theirheart condition. Depending on the severity of the heart status, it should be supervised or self-managed. Some of the activities include strength training, aerobics and flexibility exercises(Ingle & Carroll, 2017).Besides this, they require correct administration of oxygen therapy and medications. Medicationsneed to be prescribed by a qualified physician and administered as per the prescription.Depending on the patient’s condition, oxygen could also be administered to ensure adequatesaturation. However, caution should be observed to avoid oxygen overflow which could riskemphysema hyperinflation of the lungs (Menezes, Lavies, Forman, Arena, Milani & Frankiln,2014).Furthermore, a cardiac patient needs to have their vital signs constantly monitored. Thesecomprises of pulse patterns, blood pressure, body temperature, saturation and respiration.Changes should be noted, recorded, the care plan adjusted and abnormalities reported to theinvolved physician (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2015).Importance of cardiac rehabilitationCardiac rehabilitation helps a patient to boost their cardiovascular strength and endurance. It isconsidered to be life-saving to many people as it helps to avoid future cardiac events, heartproblems and related deaths (Morton, Fontaine, Hudak& Gallo, 2017). Patients who participatein cardiac rehabilitation programs have more chances of succeeding at controlling cardiovascularrisk factors such as high blood pressure. This is because these programs are very comprehensive