Cardiac Effects of Anabolic Steroids : Case Study on Football Sport

Added on - Dec 2020

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CARDIAC RISK ASSOCIATED WITH USEOF ANABOLIC AGENTS IN SPORT
ABSTRACTAnabolic agents are the substances that are considered as androgenic steroids to increasemetabolism, muscle mass and on the other hand, it helps in reducing fatigue. Some Steroids areTibolone, Zilpaterol, Zeranol and Clenbuterol. It is considered as performance-enhancing drug,which has increased cardiovascular risks. However, to control the use of anabolic agents Worldanti doping agency have banned the use of substances for athletes.The research will be focused on analysing increasing cardiac risk for Athletes with thehelp of various researches and data collection. The researcher has chosen this topic because it isincreasing ethical and health concern for sports. Steroids abuse can be hazardous because its sideeffects can not be controlledFurther, use of steroids make athletes dependent on its use for enhancing performance.The research will be conducted with the help of exploratory design where scholars will exploreevery possible aspect of study to derive accurate results and findings on clinical and healthconcerns with use of anabolic agents.
TABLE OF CONTENTSABSTRACT.....................................................................................................................................2RESEARCH TITLE.........................................................................................................................1CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................1Background of study...............................................................................................................1Aim.........................................................................................................................................2Objectives...............................................................................................................................2Questions................................................................................................................................2Rationale of study...................................................................................................................3Structure of dissertation..........................................................................................................3CHAPTER 2: METHODS...............................................................................................................4Search methods for identifying and refining studies..............................................................4Data Collection.......................................................................................................................6Data Analysis..........................................................................................................................6Ethical consideration..............................................................................................................7CHAPTER 3: RESULTS.................................................................................................................8CHAPTER 4: DISCUSSION...........................................................................................................5CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION........................................................................................................5REFERENCES................................................................................................................................6
RESEARCH TITLE“To ascertain the cardiac associated risks due to use of anabolic agents by athletes: A case studyon football sport”.CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTIONBackground of studyAnabolic agents are chemical substances that are not androgenic steroids but affectshuman body like increase in muscle mass, high metabolism, decrease in fatigue and change inrecovery time due to their fundamental interaction with androgenic receptors. These agents areavailable in all forms like tablet, liquid and skin patch form (Maroon and et.al., 2015).Anabolic agents have both long term and short-term side effects on body that mayinclude heart attack, jaundice, liver damage, failed kidney, high blood pressure, headaches,dizziness etc. Psychological side effects are also caused by these chemical substances like moodswings, paranoia, agitation, restlessness, insomnia and depression. Cardiac risk is that risk, whichis related to human heart like chances of getting stroke or heart attack. It involves diseasesrelated to heart and blood vessels (Solberg and et.al., 2016).There are many risk factors, which are associated with these diseases; main indicator ofrisk is people health history that may include age, family history, alcohol consumption, smoking,blood pressure, poor diet, unhealthy life style, diabetes, less physical activity etc. Some riskfactors cannot be altered like family history but other factors like blood pressure, diabetes can bechanged by providing proper treatment to patients (Naqvi and Flaherty, 2016). These risksshould accessed and managed by doctors as well as patients.Cardiac risk is common among people who are involved in excess alcohol consumption,obesity, high cholesterol and low educational status, high consumption of steroids, poor diet, andsmoking and raised blood sugar (KNieschlag and Vorona, 2015). Most of these factors can bealtered with treatment. Age and poor diet are also part of cardiac risk factor as the most peoplewho suffer from heart stroke are above age of fifty-five. Diet that contains more carbohydratefats, low intake of vegetables and fruits, and more consumption of junk foods can be termed aspoor diet, which can also cause cardiac diseases to human in taking it. Athletes are involved inconsuming anabolic agents in order to achieve success at any cost (Campos and et.al., 2017).Mainly footballers use these chemical substances in high doses to improve theirperformance and competitiveness. Sometimes coaches of football team also force footballers to1
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