Running head: Caribbeanization of North America1Caribbeanization of North AmericabyCourse:Tutor:University:Department:Date:
Caribbeanization of North America2Caribbeanization of North AmericaThe formation of Caribbean societies and their impact on North America The Caribbean area is made up of the islands ranging from Trinidad, Aruba, and Margarita among others of the South Coast of Venezuela, to Jamaica, Hispaniola, North Puerto Rico, and Cuba. The primary categories include the Lesser Antilles, the four Greater Antilles, and Tobago and Trinidad.The present Caribbean societies are due to the results of almost five centuries of European colonial policies. First as colonies, then as plantation settlements, these communities were manipulated by force to meet the planned, political, and commercial objectives of imperialist nations. More importantly, their populations were imported in adherence to the decisions made elsewhere, more so to sustain or alter the association of labor supply to land (Niehoff, 2017). In 1492 Columbus sailed to North America and the world transformations are attributed to hisproject. More specifically, Columbus’s voyage has been emphasized by the North Americans because it led to the settlement in their continent. However, this assertion fails to recognize that the major axis of colonial expansion was geared towards the south because the indigenous populations there were inadequately equipped with weaponry to prevent sufficiently prevent the attackers and were not resistant to the European diseases which accompanied them. Columbus mistaken on the geographic identified the native populations as “Indians” and referred to some as honorable brutes and others as murderous cannibals, thus vindicating the involvement of Europeans, Christians change, enslavement, and colonization (Niehoff, 2017).The Caribbean was advantaged regarding the quality of soils, climate and geographical location which also promoted the growth of industrialization in the Western countries.
Caribbeanization of North America3Columbus transported the first sugar cane from Spanish Islands to the Caribbean in his second trip of 1943. He was accompanied by slaves from Africa and Spain. Sugar was first planted in the Dominican Republic and then exported back to Europe in the 1500s. This facilitated fast obliteration of the native people, then laborers from Africa were imported as slaves immediately after the initial plantation of the sugarcanes. This, therefore, cleared the way for the propagation of the extensive and long-term plantation complex and the fast revolution of tastes and preferences of Europe. At least six European powers joined the scramble and fought against each other over the wealth acquired from the colonized areas. Caribbean islands were exchanged as peace treatiesto seal negotiations after European Wars. Africans were transported as slaves to America, and40% to the Caribbean alongside agricultural products. “Races” were developed for the enslavement process and plantation slavery of Africans by Americans. As a result, the Africans and their descendants became “black” while the Europeans and their descendants were termed as “white.” This is because of the development of a differential value with regard to the physical characteristics. Furthermore, this led to the implication of ethnicity in slave revolts between the European colonists and the Africans, Spanish and French, British orthe Dutch, etc. overall the valorisation of the European culture and “whiteness” in addition to the depreciation of the Caribbean roots was common in the Caribbean and still is today.The shift from slavery to freedom led to a period of adjustment for the slaves. However, mostof the ex-slaves went on to work on the plantations but independently as others changed to peasants. In order to save their returns by reducing the earnings of the ex-slaves, the planters and the colonial countries introduced the indentured workers from the whole world, and they stayed in slavery conditions in the Caribbean. The present state in North America of ethnicity, class competition and wide variation in wealth can equally be seen in the Caribbeansociety and are as a result of Caribbeanzation. Additionally, the Caribbean culture, festivals,
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