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CHCECE013 - USE INFORMATION ABOUT CHILDREN TO INFORM PRACTICEFormative assessmentActivity 1Question 1Importance of observing children—Observing the children is necessary to know whether they are meeting the development goalson time or not.Observation also helps the educators and families to identify the behavioral patterns of a childand identify the issues, if there are any.The observation is also effective for identifying the risk factors that trigger problematicbehaviour in child.The observation is necessary to know the interests, strengths, weaknesses and the specificneeds of a child. Therefore, on basis of the observations, the educators can plan the lessons infuture.Question 2Apart from NQF, the educators should also focus on seven quality areas mentioned in NQS (NationalQuality Standard) and the EYLF (Early Years Learning Framework) while observing children.Activity 2Question 1The particular activity of JM, a 10-month old infant can be recorded using video camera. The childrenduring their developmental phase make different progress and attain the goals. The video recordinghelps the educators and families to identify how the child is progressing to meet the developmentalgoals. The children can develop several skills at once (Bono et al., 2016). The educators can miss theimportant progress of the child during anecdotes or checklist based documentations. On the contrary,the video recording helps the educators and families to track every movement in detail. The detailedinformation on the child’s progress is effective for identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the child.Reference:Bono, E. D., Francesconi, M., Kelly, Y., & Sacker, A. (2016). Early maternal time investment and earlychild outcomes.The Economic Journal,126(596), F96-F135.Question 2Acquiring the motor skills is one of the most important parts of the children’s development, as themotor skills help the children to grow and enhance the independence. The good motor control helps the
child to explore the world and it contributes to their cognitive development (Tandon et al., 2015).Therefore, recording the motor skill development process helps the educators to understand the extentto which the children are gaining independence. Observing the motor skill development process is alsoeffective for identifying the physical strengths of the child and the areas of improvement.Reference:Tandon, P. S., Saelens, B. E., & Christakis, D. A. (2015). Active play opportunities at child care.Pediatrics,peds-2014.Question 3The description of a play session with JM reveals different strengths of the child. Firstly, the child isdeveloping different gross motor skills rapidly and able to use those when needed. The child is unable tocrawl. So, she used different types of arm and leg movements to reach the ball. The child has developedfine motor skills as well. Grabbing the ball with fingertips can be considered as an example of the finemotor skill. Finally, the child is gaining confidence through her experiences. It can help the child toremain confident in future as well.Activity 3The following information should be included when a child enters the care center—The details of the parents along with contact detailsContact details of any other guardian in case the parents are not availableName and age of the childFull description of the health status of the childDetails of the vaccination and medicationAny special need of the childInformation on the allergies and the risk factors that can trigger allergyAny major illness the child is suffering fromAny behavioral issues that the child facesDevelopmental stage and any developmental difficulties if the child faces anyActivity 4Question 1The information on the interest, strengths and weaknesses of the child can be collected using thefollowing methods—1.Anecdotal records – these records contain information on the past events (Howrigan, 2017).2.Running Records-- The running records include information in a storytelling manner regardingthe behavioral patterns of a child during a period.3.Jottings-- The jottings contain information regarding the particular events and experiences of thechildren
4.Sociogram-- The sociogram contains information on the friendships and the social circle of thechildren.5.Time samples-- The time sampling helps the educators to track the number of times a particularactivity is done by the child.6.Event sample-- The event samples use short observations that the educators record to identifythe response of a child during a particular situation.7.Check lists-- The checklists help the educators to identify the developmental goals achieved bythe child.8.Photographs-- The photographs help the educators to capture the learning process of childrenvisually.Reference:Howrigan, G. A. (2017). Evaluating parent–child interaction outcomes of family support and educationprograms. InEvaluating family programs(pp. 95-130). Routledge.Question 2Collecting information on the interests, strengths and cultural needs of the child is necessary due to thefollowing reasons—The information on the interests helps educators to plan the future learning sessions in suchway so that the children can pursue their interests.The information on the strengths helps educators to get the children involved into thoseactivities which build on their strengths.The information on cultural needs assist the educators to make the children aware of ownculture.Activity 5Question 1The children are entitled to the human rights in a similar manner with the adults. Privacy is a right ofevery human being in Australia and so, the children are entitled to the right (Brennan, 2016). Therefore,it is the legal responsibility of the childcare centers to protect privacy of the children and maintain theconfidentiality of their sensitive information. However, maintaining confidentiality of the information ofthe children enables the childcare centers to foster a trusted relationship with the families and providethem with better services.Reference:Brennan, D. (2016). Federalism, childcare and multilevel governance in Australia. InFederalism,Feminism and Multilevel Governance(pp. 37-50). Routledge.
Question 2The Privacy Act 1988 is a law that deals with the privacy of the personal information of an individual inAustralia. The Privacy Act 1988 is applicable for handing the personal information of the children atchildcare center as well (Watts & Casanovas, 2018). As per the Act, the personal information is definedas the data which includes an opinion of an individual or the data using which an individual can beidentified. As evident from the act, the childcare centers need to protect the data that reveals identity ofa child. The childcare centers also need to collect information on the Privacy Principles in Australia forsetting the standards for holding, handling, accessing, using and correcting the personal information.Reference:Watts, D., & Casanovas, P. (2018). Privacy and Data Protection in Australia: a Critical overview.Question 3The observations are used for several purposes --such as enabling the children to pursue the interests,developing the strengths and meeting the cultural needs. The observations also help the educators toassess the development process of a child and identify the progress. The observations are also effectiveto identify the difficulties faced by a child during the developmental phase. Therefore, the observationsare effective to meet the development standards in the early years. So, maintaining accurate data isnecessary for the future development of the children. The educators can use video records and thephotographs to maintain evidence of the data.Activity 7If a child loses interest in the activities very frequently, it indicates that the child has attention problem.The attention issues in a child can be improved in several ways. For instance— the educators can ask thechild to share the emotions when she is losing interest in an activity. Knowing the feelings of the childcan be effective to identify the actual reasons behind the loss of interest in a particular activity. Theeducator can also provide the child with short and clear instructions and break the entire task withachievable goals for keeping her attentive.Activity 8The description of Mary indicates that she is facing difficulty to develop social relationshipswith other children because of her lack of interest to share things. Mary can be communicatedin the following ways—Discussion-- The discussion with Mary on her emotions at the time of sharing thingscan help the educator to understand the reasons. The discussion can also help theeducator to identify the issues faced by the child at the time of interacting with otherchildren. Therefore , the discussion helps the educators to take necessary actions formitigating the difficulties faced by the child.Storytelling-- The storytelling is effective for making the children understand theimportance of sharing and interacting with other children. The storytelling attracts thechildren easily and helps them to understand the different concepts. The storytellingcan be effective for making the child understand about the importance of sharing.