Limited-time offer! Save up to 50% Off | Solutions starting at $6 each  

Cognitive development from birth to three years of age

Added on - 03 Jan 2021

Trusted by +2 million users,
1000+ happy students everyday
Showing pages 1 to 4 of 16 pages
CHILD DEVELOPMENTFROM BIRTH TO THREE
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1Significance of Physical Development.......................................................................................1Cognitive development from birth to three years of age............................................................3Social and emotional development..............................................................................................5CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................7REFERENCES...............................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONChild development is an integral part for overall growth and progression and assists inunderstanding and learning abilities from infancy until three years. It also emphasizes on thephysical, social, emotional, intellectual and moral development of children which requires timeand proper attention to make the newborns to be transformed into an able child. This is alsorelated to the four developmental stages and consists of sensorimotor stage, pre operationalstage, concrete stage and operational stage. This assignment is based on understanding thevarious aspects of both sensorimotor and pre operational stages for children in achieving thegoals in terms of symbolic thought processes and object permanence. It focuses on gaininginsights about the physical, cognitive and social with emotional development of toddlers who aredependent entities and is in need of constant support. Moreover, it describes about eachdevelopmental stage in context to the social construction and overall maturation.MAIN BODYSignificance of Physical DevelopmentThe first three years of a child's life has been classified into several sub sections that hasshed light on its complete brain development. It is connected with the emotional aspects, motorskills, linguistic abilities, cognitive thinking and social progression with passing time.Additionally, it has also demonstrated that the child is able to learn the fastest and quickestduring the first three years and remember things learnt during this phase till a longer time. Theentire focus is on developing the child's brain and sensory parts to help the child grow into acomplete human by channelising the neural connections. There is also a need to shape the childinto a responsible and morally sound person to promote sustainable live in the society(O’Connorand Fotakopoulou, 2016,). The child must be given proper guidance and monitoring to help themunderstand in expressing and thinking and also help in learning for their bright futurePhysical Development is one of the important developmental stages which shed light onthe overall formation of attributes and features in a toddler. This is a long process and consumestime and has an impact on the development by outlining the timeline for completetransformation. The sensorimotor stage is that stage which starts from six months to two yearsand is primarily related with motor activities. Next is pre operational stage which focuses on thechildren from two years up till seven years. However, before commencing the analysis part forthese stages, one must build an understanding where the infants require the most undivided1
attention. The transitional changes have been embarked in the most visible manner in this rangeonly and differs from one another. The phase from the birth until first quarter is the most crucialand emphasis on more than half of the brain development.The first sub section starts from the day of a child's birth till six months in which theirphysical attributes are continuously in developmental levels. Gradually, their eyes and othersensory organs get developed to help in sustaining the life in better ways. Nevertheless, themuscles' growth with the movements are in tender state and primarily the focus is on thedevelopment of motor control occurs. Herein, the infants try to control and response to thesurrounding sounds (Christian et al., 2015). It also focuses on movement of the arms, trunksection, legs and feet parts. Their reflexes are in constant motion and is in continuous interactionwith the environment. For instance, the infant would be able to move arms and hands and mightalso turn heads when kept sideways or backwards. They are able to clasp things and respondwhen put on some flat locations. Along with, the infants learn to control their sensory motionswith the surroundings and assist in learning about the people and several objects.Next is the sub section which focuses on the six months till two years of age. In this, thebaby between six to eight months can sit either with the help of support and able to try to walk orsit without assistance. At eight to nine months, the baby tries to crawl first and this helps inmaking the muscles of hands and knees stronger and support in the overall cognitivedevelopment. It is linked with the surrounding sounds and their responses rate which later provedbeneficial in developing their social and emotional sides. By the time, the child turns one, thebaby is able to speak few words and start identifying things and surroundings (Goldstein andBloom, 2015). It is effective measure in understanding the physical strength of the growing childwhether he is able to move, jump, stretch and kick or throw the legs, feet, hands or arms.Last sub section to be examined for the physical development lies between two to threeyears which is refereed as the fluctuating range. This is mainly due to better control and effectivebalance while doing activities and daily chores under guidance of any adult. Here, the child iscompletely in sync with its surroundings and have complete control on the walking or talking.This clearly shed light on the linguistic development and the emotional competencies. Forinstance, a child who is silent during this time is not necessarily going to remain same for the restof the life (Li et al., 2015). There are higher chances that the kids learn faster and act upon theambience in more contributing levels.2
desklib-logo
You’re reading a preview
Preview Documents

To View Complete Document

Click the button to download
Subscribe to our plans

Download This Document