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Child Poverty In United Kingdom Assignment

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR CAUSES ANDIMPACTS OF CHILD POVERTY INUNITED KINGDOM
ABSTRACTChild Poverty is considered to be a situation where children of society are facing extremescarcity of financial resources. I will identify the major causes and impacts of child poverty inUnited Kingdom that is the major aim of current investigation. For attaining this aim, I will focuson the major concepts of child poverty, risk factors and effects of child poverty on child’seducation, health and communities. I will use secondary data collection method for collectingappropriate facts and figures. In addition, I will use descriptive research design, qualitativeresearch technique, secondary data collection method and thematic analysis for conductinginvestigation on child poverty. Throughout my research, I have found that low wages,unemployment and low income families’ high expenses are the major reasons which createproblem of finance and leads to poverty. Along with that, single and teenage parents are alsoconsidered as the major causes of child poverty. Further, study has also concluded that all thesecauses increase child poverty which has negative impacts on education, health and communities.So, government of UK needs to pay attention towards resolving the issue of child poverty.
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction..................................................................................................................................6Background..................................................................................................................................6Aim and Objectives......................................................................................................................7Research questions.......................................................................................................................8Rational........................................................................................................................................8Timescale.....................................................................................................................................9Literature review............................................................................................................................10Introduction................................................................................................................................10Defining Child poverty..............................................................................................................10Causes of child poverty..............................................................................................................12Risk factors of the child poverty in UK.....................................................................................13Effects of child poverty..............................................................................................................14Ways for reducing the level of child poverty.............................................................................15Research gap..............................................................................................................................16METHODOLOGY........................................................................................................................16Research Philosophy..................................................................................................................17Research Design.........................................................................................................................17Research Approach....................................................................................................................17Technique of Research...............................................................................................................18Data Collection..........................................................................................................................18Data Analysis.............................................................................................................................19Ethical Consideration.................................................................................................................19Limitation of Research...............................................................................................................20Results and Findings......................................................................................................................20Thematic analysis.......................................................................................................................20Discussion......................................................................................................................................23Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................24Recommendations..........................................................................................................................25References......................................................................................................................................26
INTRODUCTIONChild poverty refers to a process by which children have to live below poverty line. Itions applied to the children that come from poor families as well as orphans who are raised inlimited or even absence of resources.. UK is one of the major nations which is also facing the problem of child poverty(Taylor-Robinson and et.al., 2013). It is applied to children who belong to poor families andliving their lives with limited and absence of necessary resources. Due to this problem, most ofthe children cannot meet their basic requirements of living. There are different ways by whichchild poverty can be measured. Easiest way to quantify the child poverty is to set a monetarythreshold and line of poverty. If any family is not capable to earn the amount of monetarythreshold then children of that family will be considered as poor. It affects the social, educationand physical development of children living in UK. So, it is one of the major issues for thesenations (Aldridge and Kenway, 2014).The research is based on child poverty in UK (Child poverty facts and figures,2015).Itwill focus on determining the major causes and impacts of this issue. Further, it will also giveinformation on different risk factors which increases the level of child poverty in nation. Forconducting investigation in a proper manner, I will follow an appropriate process which willcomprise literature review, research methodology and analysis section (Child poverty,2015). Allthese stages help in resolving the research problem and in getting appropriate solution withrespect to the causes and impacts of child poverty in UK.Government of UK and respective authority has declared that monetary threshold forfamily with two adults and two children is£349 each week. It helps in living their life withappropriate standards above the poverty line. Findings of the census survey of UK has reflectedthat there are currently 3.7 million children living in poverty in UK in which 1.7 million childrenare suffering from the problem of severe poverty. Overall, 63% children are living with thedifficulties of poverty in this nation (Child poverty facts and figures,2015). Statistics and factshave reflected that child poverty affects child’s education, health and daily lives of families andentire community of UK. According to the data, only 48% children of the age of 5 years areentitled for free school meals and effective level of development and rest of the children areincluded in the group of poverty. Families living in poverty have£13 per day per person to buynecessary things for living their daily life. Therefore, poverty affects the entire family and theirgrowth and development (Bradshaw, 2013). So, government of UK has introduced Child PovertyAct 2010 to end this issue by 2020. But on the other hand, as a result of Coalition Government’s
policies, it is predicted by different research scholars that 1 million children will be pushed intopoverty by 2020/21.Figure1: Facts and figures for child poverty and household income below UK average(Source:Child poverty definition to be changed,2015)So, statistical facts and figures have reflected that child poverty is a serious issue whichcan affect the growth and economic development of UK. So, government needs to pay attentiontowards the same.Aim:“To identify the major causes and impacts of child poverty in United Kingdom”Objectives:To understand the major concepts of child poverty.To identify the major risk factors of child poverty in UK.To critically analyze the effects of child poverty on child’s education, health andcommunities.To suggest appropriate ways for declining or ending child poverty in UK.
Research questions1.What is child poverty?2.What are the major causes and risk factors which increase the threat of poverty in UK?3.What effects can child poverty have?4.What needs to be done to end child poverty in UK?RationalPoverty is one of the greatest threats to the wellbeing of children and families in both developedand developing nations. At present, UK is suffering from this crucial problem. It is affecting thelife of children and their families as well as entire communities Child poverty, 2015). So,understanding the problem of child poverty in UK is one of the major research issues of currentstudy.It is an issue because of various reasons such as most of the families are living their lives belowthe poverty line and there are no working members. Along with this, low paid wages, inadequatebenefits, lone parents, large families and disabilities come under this. Including this, associationwith the black and minority ethnic group is also considered as the major reasons of child poverty.It is an issue now because percentage rate of child poverty is increasing year by year in UK(Taylor-Robinson and et.al., 2013). This issue is affecting education and health of children andtheir families as well. Including this, it increases negative effects on different areas of childdevelopment such as social, educational and personal. So, UK government and other respectiveauthorities need to pay attention towards this issue for increasing future growth and developmentof youth generation and nation (Aldridge and Kenway, 2014).For resolving this issue, researcher has selected this subject for the whole investigation.Regarding this, author should shed light on different concepts, causes and major risk factors ofchild poverty in UK. Further, study should focus on determining major impacts of child povertyon child’s education, health and communities. Overall findings of the current investigation willhelp in suggesting appropriate ways for ending the child poverty in UK.
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