Climate Change Assignment
Added on - 29 Apr 2020
Running Head: Law1Law
Law2Topic: UN Climate Change Conference and its impact on SIDS nation.Country: Solomon IslandsDelegation: The Small Island Developing States(A)The UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn is considered as next step which can betaken by governments for the purpose of implementing the Paris Climate ChangeAgreement, and also ensures the sustainable, resilient and climate-safe development.COP23 clarify the enabling frameworks which will make the agreement fully operationaland the support in this context is needed by all the nations for the purpose of achievingthe climate change goals which were set by the government of Fiji and supported by thegovernment of Germany1. Collaboration of Fiji and Germany can be considered as greatexample of cooperation between the nations which actually meet the global climatechange challenge. This conference is considered very important for future aspects.This conference encourages the governments of various nations to join the COP 23 forthe purpose of working together and accelerate implementation, and also takes the crucialnext steps for ensuring the transformative change. This conference also encourages theleaders of private and public sector and individuals for the purpose of acheiving the goalswhich are set for the purpose of climate change and sustainable development. Everycountry and region have very important role to play in this context2.This paper analyzes the three themes of negotiations in the context of the COP23 agendathat are Adaptation, Loss and damage, and Capacity building and how it affects the SIDSregions. For preparing the position paper, we choose Solomon Islands.1WHO, (2017), Health and Climate Change at COP23,http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/2017/health-climate-cop23/en/, Accessed on 27thOctober 2017.2Federal Ministry for economic cooperation and Development, Climate Change and Development, <http://www.bmz.de/en/service/feature/cop23/start/index.html>, Accessed on 27thOctober 2017.
Law3(B)SIDS is stand for Small Islands of Developing nations and these are the areas which arefirst and worst affected with the changes occurred in climate. This can be understoodthrough example of Solomon Islands which is also affected with the climate change.The Republic of Solomon Islands includes more than 900 Islands, and six of these Islandsare continuously inhabited. It must be noted that Islands are considered as part of thelarger collection of the Solomon Islands archipelago that also includes the NorthSolomon Islands, part of Papua New Guinea. There are almost 642000 inhabitants andthe main drivers of the economy of Solomon Islands are Tourism, subsistence agriculture,fishing. It also includes resource exports which includes timber, copra, and palm oil.Solomon Islands include two district terrestrial eco-regions such as rain forests ofSolomon Islands eco-region and the Vanuatu rain forests eco-region. Country alsocontains active and dormant volcanoes which provide nutrient-rich volcanic soil.Following are some climate change effects of Solomon Islands:Increase in temperature threatens the agriculture:in Solomon Islands there isincrease in temperatures between the 0.12 and 0.18 degrees Centigrade per decade fromthe year 1950. This increase in temperature directly affects the agricultural productionwhich includes the main exports of copra and palm oil. Additionally, increase intemperature also threatens the agricultural production which is substance in nature for thelocal people which endangered food security.Rise in sea level impose risk to the agricultural area:rise in sea level is almost averageof 8 mm per year which are above the global projections. This rise in sea level not onlythreatens the communities which are local and includes majority of the SolomonIslanders but also those who resides near the coastline sea level. The higher ground in
Law4Solomon Islands is volcanic and mountainous which are not suited for human habitationand agricultural production. This also increased the Coastal Flooding in the Westernprovince, the Roviana region, and population density is mainly at the risk3.Warming seas also imposed risk on fishing:coral reefs and areas which have largersurroundings are also under threat because of the rapid increase in the acidity levels insea water. With the temperature and acidification expected to continue increasing,migratory patterns related to that must be altered and local reefs populations might be die.For responding these climate changes, Solomon Islands working with the Department ofthe Environment and Energy of the government of Australia for the purpose of focusingon the resilience and mitigation under the Roviana Climate Change Resilience Plan 2013-2017. Plan set up in this mainly focus on mapping the vulnerability of marine and coastalhabitats related to climate change. It also assesses coral reefs, seagrass, and tried tomangrove the health. However, this plan measures the quality and flow of the water andsome other things also.(C)Adaptation:While preparing for the UN Climate Change Conference conducted inNovember, the presidency of Fijian of the 23rdSession of the conference of the parties(COP23) to the UNFCCC convened the ministerial dialogue of 2017 which is known asPre-COP. During this event, the leaders of the company achieved greater clarity on thedeliverables of COP 23 which includes resilience building, adaptation finance, and alsothe 2008 facilitative dialogue4.3COP23 Fiji, Solomon Islands, <https://cop23.com.fj/solomonislands/>, Accessed on 27thOctober 2017.4IISD, (2017), Adaptation and Loss and Damage Update: COP 23 Brings Small Islands’ Vulnerability into Focus, UNGeneral Assembly Adopts DRR Indicators, <http://sdg.iisd.org/news/adaptation-and-loss-and-damage-update-cop-23-brings-small-islands-vulnerability-into-focus-un-general-assembly-adopts-drr-indicators/>, Accessed on 27thOctober 2017.