Cloud Computing in Education Sector of Bangladesh

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Cloud computing in education sector of BangladeshNameInstitutionProfessorCourseDate
AbstractThe concluded survey has showed that, there is real value of investing in ICT. It has proved thatincorporating ICT in education can help government lower illiteracy level as well as set a rollingball for future economic development. Bangladesh government has initiated two programs thatare set to help in achieving its goals in near future. These projects are; “Digital Bangladesh’working on ICT” and “establishment of ICT network to remote areas” which would helpgovernment set up cloud computing services in education sector. Most of the existing platformsoffer related services but do not meet required threshold to deliver quality education to all ingovernments bid to lower illiteracy level. The proposed system would work on basis ofrobustness and scalability to help government achieve its set goals.IntroductionRecently, cloud computing has grown significantly to almost all sectors in the economy.Cloud computing is a computing model that offers data storage capability and software servicerelated capabilities such as communication models. In education sector, cloud computing hasbeen incorporated in to various programs in order to make education service delivery robust andmore efficient. From the survey that was conducted, it was evidenced that, the need for cloudcomputing in education cannot be underrated as it has greater influence. The objective of thestudy would be analyzing the effects of cloud computing in Bangladesh education programs.Important to note is that, there are various sectors and levels of education that were analyzedfrom the survey that was concluded. As the real program is viewed as cloud model, scholars,tutors and relevant stakeholders would require internet connection in order to make access toinformation. The rationale behind this study has been triggered by the government need toevaluate why literacy need has not been growing as expected while large amount of resources
has been channeled in the education sector. Due to the need by Bangladesh government toimprove literacy level, it has initiated some measures duped “Digital Bangladesh’ working onICT” in conjunction to some projects such as “establishment of ICT network to remote areas”with aim of installing primary schools with network. There are several values that are associatedwith incorporation of ICT network in education sector. First, it will help in reducing the level ofilliteracy in Bangladesh as many people will be able to get access to required and relevantinformation. Secondly, there would be improved communication as people would be able to usemodern forms of communication such as emails and social media platforms. Similarly, ICTincorporation in the education sector would result into job opportunities as relevant people wouldbe able to work online.Literature reviewWorldwide, there are several cloud computing programs that have been incorporated intoeducation sector. In all aspects, these ICT programs in education have been focusing onstreamlining and making education sector advanced [11]. Many platforms have been developedto steer education sector but no much results have been achieved. This presents drawbacks thathas been faced by education sector in implementing e-learning education system by manyinstitutions. E-learning platforms are the main systems that institutions have implemented tooffer off-institutions education based programs. These systems are mainly implemented and runby tertiary institutions such as colleges and universities. With e-learning systems, tutors are ableto send course programs to students, administer some exams and communicate on progress oftheir studies [2]. This is mainly being achieved through ERP systems where students have portalsto access their details to specific tertiary institution. It is from the portal that, students areupdated on fees payments, programs are posted, assignments and exams are sent and semester
performance are posted. In this case, education access is only limited to registered students in agiven institution. Though it may seem diverse, it is not robust as it is required by some users. Themain issue with e-learning platform is that, there is not direct collaboration tool that can havedirect contact of all students on real time [8]. Therefore, this rises question of how tutors canreach all students on real time through audio visual communication. This develops need to comeup with tools that can bring together both students and tutors to replace physical need of tutors inthe classroom [17].Similarly, tertiary institutions have been using emails to offer some courses instead ofhaving physical class attendance [5]. Emails are common mode of communication but does notoffer required modern communication capabilities in education. Tutors make use of emails toshare course programs as well as required professional materials required for the study.According to [13], emails offer various disadvantages since it does not offer visualcommunication. On this case, all other methodologies of offering education despite cloudcomputing does not meet today’s education communication standards. Cloud computing seemsto be the best alternative to these drawbacks since it can store, transmit and offer both audio- andvisual communication of different modes such as real time [1]. Therefore, this makes cloudcomputing more suited to solve Bangladesh education problems which promises future economicdevelopment in near future. With cloud computing, more scholars would be able to get access toeducation services which in turn would spur economic growth by opening avenues that areeconomically viable to generate income for the country [14].Proposed solutionTo solve Bangladesh education squabbles, some measures should be taken to addressprevailing situations. The proposed solution would mainly focus on upgrading education from
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