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Study Analysis on Working Memory and Attention

Choose one journal article to read and reflect on, making connections to concepts discussed in the course. Address four key components in your assignment: reflection, connection to theory, limitations, and study design.

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Added on  2023-01-09

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This study analysis explores the relationship between working memory and attention, focusing on the impact of long-term memory on working memory task performance. The findings suggest that recalling a word after a distraction is associated with neural and behavioral indices of long-term memory retrieval. The study also discusses limitations and proposes a follow-up study to assess the effects of recall on different problem sets.

Study Analysis on Working Memory and Attention

Choose one journal article to read and reflect on, making connections to concepts discussed in the course. Address four key components in your assignment: reflection, connection to theory, limitations, and study design.

   Added on 2023-01-09

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Running head: COGNITION
Study analysis
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author note
Study Analysis on Working Memory and Attention_1
NAME STUDENT NUMBER
Reflection- I consider the article to be of extreme importance in elucidating the
mechanism of working memory (WM). The knowledge that I have gained over the years has
helped me realise that working memory is an essential cognitive system that is correlated
with a restricted capacity for temporary storage of information. I hold the opinion that this
piece of research evidence will play an important role in providing an insight into the relation
between attention and WM. The article is also related to a particular information that I had
come across in my curriculum, which was based on the ability of human brain to conduct
selective information processing. This study raises a question on the difference between WM
and long-term memory (LTM), in relation to attention.
Connection to theory- The researchers aimed to assess the impact of LTM in a WM
task performance. The findings suggested that recalling a word after distraction of 10 seconds
was associated with neural and behavioral indices of LTM retrieval. However rehearsed
recall led to activation of cortical areas, thus reflecting the role of focal attention (Rose, Craik
and Buchsbaum 2015). According to the Working Memory Model (WMM) short-term
memory is postulated to comprise of three components namely, central executive,
articulatory-phonological loop, and visuo-spatial sketchpad (Gathercole and Baddeley 2014).
Hence, it can be suggested that the findings were true to the theory since neural and
behavioural process related to LTM supported the recall of an item, following its
displacement from attention. In addition, it can also be stated that there was presence of
increased activation and greater encoding in several regions such as, the ATL, VLPC, and the
MTL, in comparison to recall. Taking into consideration the fact that information is
temporarily retained by the phonological loop via the phonological store and the articulatory
rehearsal process, the research findings were in accordance with the involvement of
temporal-contextual information with STM (Logie 2014).
1
Study Analysis on Working Memory and Attention_2

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