(PDF) Colorectal cancer: a review

Added on - 21 Feb 2021

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COLERECTAL CANCER
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1Etiology of colorectal cancer......................................................................................................1Current Health Practices And Guideline......................................................................................3Health education in the early detection and assessment of colorectal in community..................5CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................6REFERENCES................................................................................................................................7
INTRODUCTIONColorectal cancer (CRC) is considered as the second most common cancer inMalaysia and in all over the world. It is that type of cancer where the colon gets affectedin both males and females. This disease is found to be the most influenced by the ethnicbackground and Malaysia has three major groups of diverse ethnic groups with culturalsystems. These include Indian, Malay and Chinese. It occurs in elderly populationmostly, however with lifestyle changes, it has spread into other population groups andhas occurred into several stages. This assignment is based on understanding the types ofcauses in the form of diet, bowel habits etc. to know about the causes of this cancer.Moreover, it also discusses about the health education in context to the existing healthpractices and guidelines.MAIN BODYEtiologyofcolorectalcancerAt early cases, it can begin as a non-cancerous polypus. It often that have no symptomsof colorectal cancer but it can be determined by the screening process. There are many doctorsrecommended to do screening process to identify the high risk that affect the entire human body.It causes over the age of 50. Colorectal cancer is mainly depending on the size and location thatexists in human body. There are some common changes determined as per experience such aschange in stool consistency, bowel habits and abdominal discomfort. Colon cancer generallyaffects the older or adults through it happen at any age group. Inside human body, non-cancerousclumps of cell called polyps that exist inside human body.In case, if colon cancer develops, there are many treatments available to control bysurgery and radiation therapy etc. Thisis a type typically affects the older adults, though it canhappen at any age however, it normally begins at a non-cancerous clumps of the cells which arecalled as polyps. Although, these polyps are present inside the colon. This along with the timetakes the shape of the deadly disease and it becomes the Colon cancer(Cheng and et.al., 2018).Moreover, regular screening tests are suggested by the doctors in order to prevent the polyps tochange the shape of the cancer at the time. In addition, when the Colon cancer and rectal cancercombined with each other, it forms the Colorectal cancer which generally begins developingwithin the rectum.1
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