Communication Technologies Assignment (Doc)

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Running head: COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIESCommunication Technologies[Name of the Student][Name of the University][Author note]
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES1Table of ContentsIntroduction:....................................................................................................................................3Discussion:.......................................................................................................................................41. Understanding of the functioning of internet from its background history:............................4Web access:.......................................................................................................................5Web Sites:.........................................................................................................................5E-commerce:.....................................................................................................................51.2 World Wide Web:..................................................................................................................51.2.1 Hypertext:.......................................................................................................................61.2.2. Identifiers of resources:.................................................................................................61.2.3. The client server model of computing:..........................................................................61.2.4. Markup language:..........................................................................................................61.3 Internet functioning as the nearest thing to a perfect surveillance machine:.........................61.3.1 Internet in surveillance:..................................................................................................71.3.2 Internet in the privacy:....................................................................................................71.4. Internet functioning as a public sphere:................................................................................81.5 Internet and web services:...................................................................................................10Conclusion:....................................................................................................................................11References:....................................................................................................................................13
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES2Introduction:Internet is the global set of networks that are interconnected by the use of “InternetProtocol Suite” for the purpose of linking devices present around the world. Internet acts as awide platform for providing different information’s. mostly everyone in this world uses theinternet for different purposes like gaming, chatting, messaging, file sharing and many more.There is no centralized governance over the internet in technological implementations along withthe policies for access and usage. Internet called also be termed as “net” which is a worldwidesystem of computer networks that is used by individuals to get information about something bythe use of an electronic devices by mobile, computer, tablets and many more(Spada 2014). Withthe advancement in technology the internet has also developed making the lives of people mucheasier like instant email service instead of the conventional postal service system. Many socialnetworking sites has also been formed like Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter and many more whichhas helped in bringing people much closer. World Wide Web or WWW is one of the importantfeature of internet which consists of hypertext that refers to the method of cross referencing. Thisreport mainly focuses on the way how the internet is used and the process involves looking intothe background history of internet. Along with this the report also discusses about the internetworking as a surveillance machine and how it works as a public sphere(Andersson and Nickolai2014). This report as briefs about the effects of the internet which includes the undervaluing ofthe personal details to a ridiculous level in the social media. The discussion has been brieflydiscussed by the use of suitable examples. Accessing the internet is possible in a variety of ways.The hustle of going to crowded places like malls, markets has been greatly decreased due todevelopment of online stores which makes use of the internet. Internet is not owned by a single
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES3individual or an organisation. Internet totally depends on the physical infrastructure which helpsin connecting networks to other networks.Discussion:1. Understanding of the functioning of internet from its background history:TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)/IP (Internet Protocol) protocol is an essentialfeature of the internet. Internet helps in allowing the devices to send, receive, interpret anddescribe any type of data in an electronic form over the network. TCP is used for the purpose ofbreaking down of each piece of data into the form of smaller packages(Leamer, Edward andMichael 2014). Whereas, the IP is totally responsible for ensuring the travelling of data from thesource to the destination by travelling through a number of routers. The devices that areconnected to the network has a unique IP address which has a range from 0 to 255 and it is in theform of “nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn” where the n is representing the numbers which is in between thestated range. In cases if the devices are connected to the internet by the use of the “InternetService Provider” or ISP then what the ISP do is it assigns the device with a temporary IPaddress which last as long as the dial-up session is running. And for the devices that areconnected by the LAN have a permanent IP address. Almost every computer is connected on thenet doing various works(Berthon 2012). There are different types of server in the internet likethe mail server which hold the peoples mail, computer holding ordinary data are called fileservers and many more. The computers are referred to as clients if they make use of the servers.This can be simply explained by the use of a suitable example that is when a mail server is beingconnected to access the mails by the use of ISP then the computer is identified as the clientwhereas the ISP is referred to as the server. In the year of 1844 Samuel Morse was the firstperson to transmit an electronic message which initially lead to the beginning of sending
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